Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cercopoidea

notes

Cercopoidea suxk xylem sap, that is the plant fluid that is pumped up from the roots towards the leaves. Generally xylem sap does not provide much nutrients, but this differs in plants with nitrogen-fixing root nodules or root malformations by actinomycetes, like Frankia.

references

Thompson (1999a).

Last modified 2.i.2021