Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Macrosteles variatus

Macrosteles variatus (Fallén, 1906)

on Urtica


Larvae and adults free on the leaves.

host plants

Urticaceae, monophagous

Urtica dioica.

Also Epilobium hirsutum (Mazzoni)

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


Gillerfors (2009a), Helden (2013a), Malenovský (2006a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenkovský & Lauterer (2012a), Mazzoni (2005a), Mühlethaler, Holzinger, Nickel & Wachmann (2018a), Nickel & Niedringhaus (2009a), Seljak (2016a).

Last modified 17.i.2021