Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stictocephala bisonia

Stictocephala bisonia Kopp & Yonke, 1977

buffalo treehopper

polyphagous

parasite

Oviposition invariably on a woody plant; subsequently the larvae develop on herbaceous plants. Each egg is deposited singly in a 2 mm deep and 3-4 mm long cut in the bark of a young, 1-2 cm thick shoot. Groups of 6-12 eggs are deposited in a semicircular arc. All this results in a serious disturbance of the shoot’s development, and, when repeated for some yours, to large-scale malformations. The suction damage by the larvae mostly is less dramatic, except in grape vines where infected shoots may turn discoloured and die off.

host plants

Oviposition preferably on Malus domestica; Populus; Prunus persica; Pyrus communis; Salixbabylonica, fragilis.
Larve mainly on Medicago sativa; Solidago; Trifolium pratense.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

notes

Originally a North American species.

references

Arzone, Vidano & Alma (1987a), Boulard (1978a), Dabry (0000a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gjonov & Shishiniova (2014a), Gourvès (2011a), Hörren, Enß & Bodingbauer (2019a), Lauterer, Malenovský & Špryňar (2011a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenkovský & Lauterer (2012a), Mazzoni (2005a), Mühlethaler, Holzinger, Nickel & Wachmann (2018a), Musik & Taszakowski (2013a), Pérez Hidalgo, Mier Durante & Umaran (2015a), Świerczewski & Stroiński (2011a), d’Urso, Sánchez & Bella (2019a), Walczak, Brożek, Junkiert ao (2018a).

Last modified 10.ii.2021