Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dictyla echii

Dictyla echii (Schrank, 1782)

on Echium, etc.

gall

suction damage; little diagnostic growth disturbances of the inflorescence and adjacent leaves.

host plants

Boraginaceae, oligophagous

Anchusa officinalis, strigosa; Cynoglossum officinale; Echium glomeratum, italicum, plantagineum, vulgare; Lycopsis arvensis; Pulmonaria; Symphytum officinale.

phenology

2-3 Generations. Hibernation as imago.

synonyms

Monanthia echii.

references

Aukema & Hermes (2006a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Cherpitel, Loncle, Lupoli & Racine (2019a), Dioli (1980a, 1997a), Gaini (2019a), Heiss (1983a), Jiménez, Ribes, Ribes, ao (2003a), Kment & Baňar (2012a), Lessieur & Labatut (2018a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Matocq, Pluot-Sigwalt & Özgen (2014a), Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Péricart, Linnavuori, Feler & Halperin (1993a), Polentz (1963a), Stehlík (2002a), Tomasi (2014a), Vayssieres (1983a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a), Wapshere (1980a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Last modified 30.iii.2022