Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dictyla echii

Dictyla echii (Schrank, 1782)

on Boraginaceae

gall

suction damage; little diagnostic growth disturbances of the inflorescence and adjacent leaves.

host plants

Boraginaceae, o0ligophagous

Anchusa officinalis; Cynoglossum officinale; Echium plantagineum, vulgare; Lycopsis arvensis; Pulmonaria; Symphytum officinale.

phenology

2-3 Generations. Hibernation as imago.

synonyms

Monanthia echii.

references

Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a), Tomasi (2014a), Vayssieres (1983a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a), Wapshere (1980a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Last modified 8.ii.2021