Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tingis cardui

Tingis cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

spear thistle lacebug

on thistles

parasite

Larvae and adults free on the leaves.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Cirsium palustre, vulgare; Onopordum; Silybum.

Mainly Cirsium spp.

phenology

Hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Aukema & Hermes (2006a), Kment & Baňar (2012a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Péricart (1981a), Stehlík (2002a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a), Wagner (1955a).

Last modified 15.iii.2021