Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius, 1889)

silverleaf whitefly, sweetpotato whitefly

polyphagous Bemisia tabaci: puparia

puparia © Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org

parasite

Puparia at the undersides of the leaves. Only microscopically distinguishable from the much less common Bemisia afer.

host plants

Ageratina adenophora; Amaranthus; Arachis hypogaea; Brassica oleracea; Capsicum annuum; Capraria biflora; Cistus salvifolius; Convolvulus canariensis; Crambe pritzelii; Cucumis melo, sativus; Cucurbita ficifolia, maxima, pepo; Daphne gnidium; Euphorbia amygdaloides, pulcherrima, segetalis; Ficus; Gerbera; Gossypium; Helianthus annuus, tuberosus; Hibiscus calyphyllus, rosa-sinensis; Hirschfeldia incana; Hypericum grandifolium; Ipomoea batatas; Iris; Justicia; Lactuca serriola; Lantana camara; Launaea nudicaulis; Laurus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malva; Malvaviscus penduliflorus; Nicotiana glauca, tabacum; Ocimum basilicum; Oxalis pes-caprae; Paulownia; Pelargonium; Persea americana; Phaseolus; Psidium guajava; Punica granatum; Rosa; Rubus ulmifolius; Solanum melongena, muricatum, nigrum & subsp. schultesii, tuberosum; Sonchus oleraceus; Spathodea campanulata; Tagetes patula.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring, 1994.

notes

Important pest, especially in greenhouses. Probably the “species” stands for a series of “biotypes”, each one of which is specialised on a restricted number of host plant species. Further, particularly genetical, studies must tell in how far distinct species are involved.

references

Bink-Moenen (1991a), Gómez-Menor (1944a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1954a), Hernández-Suárez, Martin, Gill ao (2012a), Jansen & Ivanova (2018a), Klasa (2011a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2009a), Malumphy, Radonjić, Hrnčić & Raičević (2015a), Martin, Mifsud & Rapisarda (2000a), Mifsud (1995a).

mod 15.iii.2019