Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bemisia tabaci

Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius, 1889)

silverleaf whitefly, sweetpotato whitefly

polyphagous

Bemisia tabaci: puparia

puparia © Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org

parasite

Puparia at the undersides of the leaves. Only microscopically distinguishable from the much less common Bemisia afer.

host plants

Abelmoschus esculentus; Abutilon striatum, theophrasti; Acacia dealbata; Acalypha hispida; Ageratina adenophora; Ajuga reptans; Alcea biennis, striata; Alliaria petiolata; Amaranthus albus, graecizans, hybridus, retroflexus, spinosus, viridis; Arachis hypogaea; Bauhinia variegata; Beta vulgaris; Bougainvillea; Brachychiton populneus; Brassica oleracea; Callicarpa bodinieri; Calycanthus floridus; Campsis radicans; Capparis ovata, spinosa; Capraria biflora; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Capsicum annuum; Carya illinoisensis; Catalpa bignonioides; Cercis siliquastrum; Cestrum fasciculatum, noctiflorum; Chenopodium album; Cistus creticus, salvifolius; Citrullus lanatus; Citrus limon, paradsi, sinensis; Convolvulus arvensis, canariensis; Corchorus olitorius; Crambe pritzelii; Cucumis melo, sativus; Cucurbita ficifolia, maxima, pepo; Daphne gnidium; Datura innoxia, metel, stramonium; Daucus carota; Diospyros kaki; Duranta repens; Erigeron bonariensis, canadensis; Erythrina crista-galli; Eucalyptus gunnii; Euphorbia amygdaloides, helioscopia, maculata, milii, neriifolia, nutans, peplus, pulcherrima, segetalis; Fallopia convolvulus; Ficus benjamina; Forsythia x intermedia; Gerbera jamesonii; Glebionis segetum; Glycine max; Gossypium; Helianthus annuus, tuberosus; Hibiscus calyphyllus, mutabilis, rosa-sinensis, sytiacus. trionum; Hirschfeldia incana; Hydrangea macrophylla; Hypericum grandifolium; Ipomoea batatas. hederacea, imperti, purpurea, sagittata; Iris; Jasminum fruticans, officinale, sambac; ; Justicia “atroata”; Koelreuteria paniculata; Lactuca serriola; Lagerstroemia indica; Lamium amplexicaule; Lantana camara; Launaea nudicaulis; Laurus nobilis; Ligustrum ovalifolium; Lonicera japonica; Lycopersicon esculentum; Magnolia; Malva neglecta, sylvestris; Malvaviscus penduliflorus; Malvella sherardiana; Medicago sativa; Mentha arvensis, x pipperita, “sativa”; Mercurialis annua; Momordica balsamina; Morus alba, nigra; Nandina domestica; Nerium oleander; Nicotiana glauca, tabacum; Ocimum basilicum; Oxalis pes-caprae; Parthenocissus quinquefolia; Pelargonium; Persea americana; Persicaria amphibia, hydropiper, maculosa; Petunia x hybrida; Phaseolus vulgaris; Physalis alkekengi, angulalta; Polygonum aviculare; Portulaca oleraceae; Prunus cerasifera, persica; Psidium guajava; Punica granatum; Quercus coccifera; Raphanus raphanistrum; Ricinus communis; Rosa; Rubus fruticosus, ulmifolius; Rumex acetosella; Salvia aucheri, fruticosa, pratensis, sclarea; Salix babylonica; Solanum melongena, muricatum, nigrum & subsp. schultesii, tuberosum, villosum; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Spathodea campanulata; Spiraea x vanhouttei; Tagetes patula; Tribulus terrestris; Trifolium repens; Ulmus; Urtica urens; Viburnum opulus, tinus; Vigna unguiculata; Vitis vinifera; Weigela florida; Xanthium strumarium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring, 1994.

notes

Important pest, especially in greenhouses. Probably the species stands for a series of “biotypes”, each one of which is specialised on a restricted number of host plant species. Further, particularly genetical, studies must tell in how far distinct species are involved.

references

Bayhan, Ulusoy & Brown (2006a), Bink-Moenen (1991a), Bolu (2021a), Gómez-Menor (1944a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1954a), Hernández-Suárez, Martin, Gill ao (2012a), Hrnčić, Radonjić & Perović (2017a), Jansen & Ivanova (2018a), Klasa (2011a), Malumphy & Mifsud (2012a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2009a), Malumphy, Radonjić, Hrnčić & Raičević (2015a), Martin, Mifsud & Rapisarda (2000a), Mifsud (1995a), Šimala, Masten Milek & Korić (2009a), Šimala, Masten Milek & Pintar (2015b).

Last modified 2.ii.2024