Siphoninus immaculatus (Heeger, 1836)

ivy whitefly

on Hedera

parasite

Pupparia ± 1 mm, oval, flat, almost translucent but, contrary to earlier stages, with a broad brown median band. Dorsally and laterally a number of spine-like tubular wax glans. On the leaves, in dense colonies.

host plants

Araliaceae, monophagous

Hedera canariensis, helix.

A reference by Ulusoy ao from Crataegus needs reconfirmation.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as second stage larvae. Adults in June till August.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Gertsson (1994a, 2018a), Huldén (1986a), Jansen (2011a), Malumphy (2010a), Martin, Mifsud & Rapisarda (2000a), Milne-Redhead (1973a), Ulusoy, Karut, Özdemi̇r ao (2013a), Zahradník (1961a).

mod 16.iii.2019