Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854

cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid

polyphagous, mainly Fabaceae

Aphis craccivora: aptera on Meliotus officinalis

Meliotus officinalis, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

Aphis craccivora: aptera and immatures on Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudoacacia, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos 28.viii.2018 © Hans Jonkman: aptera with immatures

Aphis craccivora: aptera and immatures on Robinia pseudoacacia

another image

parasiet

Alatae 1-2 mm, shining black; immatures lightly dusted with wax. On the young shoots. Usually ant-attended.

host plants

Fabaceae

Acacia dealbata; Adenocarpus complicatus; Amorpha fruticosa; Anthyllis cytisoides, lotoides, terniflora, vulneraria & subsp. alpestris + forondae; Argyrolobium zanonii; Astragalus glycyphyllos, pelecinus, sempervirens; Bituminaria bituminosa; Calicotome spinosa; Caragana arborescens, pygmaea, sinica; Cephalanthera; Ceratonia siliqua; Cercis siliquastrum; Cicer arietinum; Colutea arborescens; Coronilla juncea, minima, valentina subsp. glauca; Cytisus scoparius, striatus, supranubius; Dianthus carthusianorum; Dorycnium fulgurans, hirsutum, pentaphyllum & subsp. germanicum + gracile + herbaceum, rectum; Echinospartum horridum; Genista florida subsp. polygaliphylla, sagittalis, scorpius, tinctoria, tridentata; Gleditsia triacanthos; Glycyrrhiza glabra; Hedysarum coronarium; Laburnum anagyroides; Lathyrus cicera, latifolius, niger, pratensis sativus; Lembotropis nigricans; Lens culinaris; Lotus corniculatus, creticus, pedunculatus; Lupinus albus; Medicago arabica, arborea, falcata, lupulina, marina, polymorpha, rigidula, sativa, suffruticosa & subsp. leiocarpa; Melilotus albus, indicus, officinalis, sulcatus; Onobrychis conferta subsp. hispanica, viciifolia; Ononis natrix, pusilla, spinosa, tridentata, viscosa, Ornithopus compressus, perpusillus; Phaseolus vulgaris; Pisum sativum; Retama sphaerocarpa; Robinia pseudoacacia, viscosa; Securigera varia; Spartium junceum; Styphnolobium japonicum; Trifolium alexandrinum, alpestre, angustifolium. badium, campestre, montanum, pratense, repens, resupinatum, rubens, stellatum, suffocatum, tomentosum; Ulex parviflorus; Vicia benghalensis, cracca, faba, lutea, megalotropis, onobrychioides, sativa & subsp. nigra, sepium, tenuifolia, villosa subsp. ambigua; Vigna unguiculata; Wisteria sinensis.

Records of non-Fabaceae: Amaranthus albus, deflexus, hybridus, retroflexus; Anagallis arvensis; Andryala integrifolia; Anisantha rubens; Arbutus unedo; Artemisia dracunculus; Asparagus officinalis; Atriplex patula, tatarica; Bassia prostrata, scoparia; Bougainvillea spectabilis; Brassica oleracea; Calendula arvensis; Capsella bursa-pastoris, rubella; Capsicum annuum; Cardaria draba; Carlina corymbosa; Catalpa bignonioides; Caucalis platycarpos; Centranthus macrosiphon; Cestrum nocturnum; Chamaemelum nobile; Chenopodium album, murale, quinoa; Chrysanthemum; Citrus aurantium, reticulata, sinensis; Coleostephus myconis; Convolvulus arvensis; Cucurbita; Cynara scolymus; Digitaria; Dipsacus fullonum; Epilobium palustre; Erigeron canadensis; Erodium malacoides; Eryngium campestre; Euphorbia; Fagonia cretica; Fatsia japonica; Filago pyramidata; Foeniculum vulgare; Galium tricornutum; Gnaphalium; Gossypium herbaceum; Hammada articulata; Helichrysum italicum; Hedera helix; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis; Hormatophylla cadevalliana; Hypericum calycinum; Juglans nigra; Krascheninnikovia ceratoides; Lactuca virosa; Lagerstroemia indica; Lamium; Launaea fragilis; Lavandula multifida; Lepidium subulatum; Leucanthemopsis flaveola; Linum strictum; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malus domestica; Malva multiflora; Mirabilis jalapa; Morus nigra; Nicotiana tabacum; Onopordum acaanthium, macracanthum; Opuntia; Oxalis pes-caprae; Papaver hybridum; Parietaria judaica; Paronychia argentea; Persicaria amphibia; Phagnalon saxatile; Picnomon acarna; Pittosporum tobira; Plantago; Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Polygala rupestris; Portulaca oleracea; Prunus domestica; Punica granatum; Pyrus communis; Reseda lutea; Rhagadiolus stellatus; Rosa; Rubus conglomeratus, crispus; Rumex acetosa; Salix babylonica; Salsola kali, soda, vermiculata; Salvia nemorosa, officinalis; Santolina; Saxifraga granulata; Scandix pecten-veneris; Scrophularia canina; Sedum sediforme; Setaria; Silene latifolia; Solanum tuberosum; Sonchus arvensis, asper; Succisa pratensis; Tamarix; Thapsia villosa; Thymus vulgaris, wildenowii; Tipuana tipu; Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta; Tragopogon pratensis; Tribulus terrestris; Ulmus minor; Ulmus minor; Xeranthemum inapertum; Zygophyllum fabago.

synonyms

Pergandeida craccivora; P. robiniae (Macchiati, 1885).

notes

A major pest in leguminous crops.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Börner & Franz (1956a), Borowiak-Sobkowiak, Durak & Wilkaniec (2008a, 2017a), Buhr (1964a), Danielsson (1974a), García Prieto & Nieto Nafría (2005a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Jörgl & Lampel (1988a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudiére & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Mifsud, Pérez Hidalgo & Barbagallo (2009a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría & de Benito Dorrego (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a),, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Remaudière, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1986a), Ripka (2011a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Seco Fernández, Mier Durante, Blaso Zumeta & Nieto Nafría (1998a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieto & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Szelegiewicz (1982b), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1984a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Weis (1955a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 10.ii.2019