Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aphis craccivora

Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854

cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid

polyphagous, mainly Fabaceae

Aphis craccivora on Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudoacacia, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 3.viii.2017 © László Érsek

Aphis craccivora on Robinia pseudoacacia

aggregation

Aphis craccivora on Robinia pseudoacacia

detail

Aphis craccivora on Robinia pseudoacacia

aptera and larve

Aphis craccivora on Robinia pseudoacacia

ant attendance

Aphis craccivora on Medicago sativa

Medicago sativa, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 31.vi.2015 © László Érsek

Aphis craccivora on Medicago sativa

aptera

Aphis craccivora on Medicago sativa

young alate

Aphis craccivora: aptera on Melilotus officinalis

Melilotus officinalis, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

Aphis craccivora: aptera and immatures on Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudoacacia, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos 28.viii.2018 © Hans Jonkman: aptera with immatures

Aphis craccivora: aptera and immatures on Robinia pseudoacacia

another image

parasiet

Alatae 1-2 mm, shining black; immatures lightly dusted with wax. On the young shoots. Usually ant-attended.

host plants

Fabaceae

Acacia dealbata; Adenocarpus complicatus; Amorpha fruticosa; Anthyllis cytisoides, lotoides, terniflora, vulneraria & subsp. alpestris + forondae; Argyrolobium zanonii; Astragalus glycyphyllos, pelecinus, sempervirens; Bituminaria bituminosa; Calicotome spinosa; Caragana arborescens, pygmaea, sinica; Cephalanthera transsylvanica; Ceratonia siliqua; Cercis siliquastrum; Cicer arietinum; Colutea arborescens; Coronilla juncea, minima, valentina subsp. glauca; Cytisus scoparius, striatus, supranubius; Dianthus carthusianorum; Dorycnium fulgurans, hirsutum, pentaphyllum & subsp. germanicum + gracile + herbaceum, rectum; Echinospartum horridum; Genista florida subsp. polygaliphylla, sagittalis, scorpius, tinctoria, tridentata; Gleditsia triacanthos; Glycyrrhiza glabra; Hedysarum coronarium; Laburnum anagyroides; Lathyrus cicera, latifolius, niger, pratensis sativus; Lembotropis nigricans; Lens culinaris; Lotus corniculatus, creticus, pedunculatus; Lupinus albus; Medicago arabica, arborea, falcata, lupulina, marina, polymorpha, rigidula, sativa, suffruticosa & subsp. leiocarpa; Melilotus albus, indicus, officinalis, sulcatus; Onobrychis conferta subsp. hispanica, viciifolia; Ononis natrix, pusilla, spinosa, tridentata, viscosa, Ornithopus compressus, perpusillus; Phaseolus vulgaris; Pisum sativum; Retama sphaerocarpa; Robinia pseudoacacia, viscosa; Securigera varia; Spartium junceum; Styphnolobium japonicum; Trifolium alexandrinum, alpestre, angustifolium. badium, campestre, montanum, pratense, repens, resupinatum, rubens, stellatum, suffocatum, tomentosum; Ulex parviflorus; Vicia benghalensis, cracca, faba, lutea, megalotropis, onobrychioides, sativa & subsp. nigra, sepium, tenuifolia, villosa subsp. ambigua; Vigna unguiculata; Wisteria sinensis.

Records of non-Fabaceae: Amaranthus albus, deflexus, hybridus, retroflexus; Anagallis arvensis; Andryala integrifolia; Anisantha rubens; Arbutus unedo; Artemisia dracunculus; Asparagus officinalis; Atriplex patula, tatarica; Bassia prostrata, scoparia; Bougainvillea spectabilis; Brassica oleracea; Calendula arvensis; Capsella bursa-pastoris, rubella; Capsicum annuum; Cardaria draba; Carlina corymbosa; Catalpa bignonioides; Caucalis platycarpos; Centranthus macrosiphon; Cestrum nocturnum; Chamaemelum nobile; Chenopodiastrum murale; Chenopodium album, quinoa; Chrysanthemum; Cichorium intybus; Citrus aurantium, reticulata, sinensis; Coleostephus myconis; Convolvulus arvensis; Cucurbita; Cynara scolymus; Digitaria; Dipsacus fullonum; Epilobium palustre; Erigeron canadensis; Erodium malacoides; Eryngium campestre; Euphorbia; Fagonia cretica; Fatsia japonica; Filago pyramidata; Foeniculum vulgare; Galium tricornutum; Gnaphalium; Gossypium herbaceum; Hammada articulata; Helichrysum italicum; Hedera helix; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis; Hormatophylla cadevalliana; Hypericum calycinum; Juglans nigra; Krascheninnikovia ceratoides; Lactuca virosa; Lagerstroemia indica; Lamium; Launaea fragilis; Lavandula multifida; Lepidium subulatum; Leucanthemopsis flaveola; Linum strictum; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malus domestica; Malva multiflora; Mirabilis jalapa; Morus nigra; Nicotiana tabacum; Onopordum acaanthium, macracanthum; Opuntia; Oxalis pes-caprae; Papaver hybridum; Parietaria judaica; Paronychia argentea; Persicaria amphibia; Phagnalon saxatile; Picnomon acarna; Pittosporum tobira; Plantago; Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Polygala rupestris; Portulaca oleracea; Prunus domestica; Punica granatum; Pyrus communis; Reseda lutea; Rhagadiolus stellatus; Rosa; Rubus conglomeratus, crispus; Rumex acetosa; Salix babylonica; Salsola kali, soda, vermiculata; Salvia nemorosa, officinalis; Santolina; Saxifraga granulata; Scandix pecten-veneris; Scrophularia canina; Sedum sediforme; Setaria; Silene latifolia; Solanum tuberosum; Sonchus arvensis, asper; Succisa pratensis; Tamarix; Thapsia villosa; Thymus vulgaris, wildenowii; Tipuana tipu; Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta; Tragopogon pratensis; Tribulus terrestris; Ulmus minor; Ulmus minor; Xeranthemum inapertum; Zygophyllum fabago.

synonyms

Pergandeida craccivora; P. robiniae (Macchiati, 1885).

notes

A major pest in leguminous crops.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Börner & Franz (1956a), Borowiak-Sobkowiak, Durak & Wilkaniec (2008a, 2017a), Buhr (1964a), Danielsson (1974a), García Prieto & Nieto Nafría (2005a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Jörgl & Lampel (1988a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudiére & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Mifsud, Pérez Hidalgo & Barbagallo (2009a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría & de Benito Dorrego (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a),, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Remaudière, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1986a), Ripka (2011a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Seco Fernández, Mier Durante, Blaso Zumeta & Nieto Nafría (1998a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieto & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Szelegiewicz (1982b), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1984a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Weis (1955a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

Last modified 17.xi.2020