Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763

bean aphid, black bean aphid

on Euonymus (Philadelphus, Viburnum), primary host plants

Aphis fabae on Sonchus oleraceus

Sonchus oleraceus, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

Apterae 2-3 mm, generally dull black with black siphunculi and cauda. Juveniles, sometimes also adult apterae have a double length row of white wax spots. They are visited by ants.
“Aphis fabae” is a complex of subspecies, or species still in the process of speciation. Between them they can hybridise, and the morphological differences are small and variable. Generally, the following subspecies are distinguished: Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis, fabae evonymi, fabae fabae, fabae mordvilkoi, and fabae solanella..

hostplants

Adoxaceae, Celastraceae, Hydrangeaceae: polyphagous

Euonymus alatus, europaeusm japonicus; Philadelphus coronarius; Viburnum opulus.

Not all subspecies live on all three hostplants.


secondary hostplants

strongly polyphagous on herbs, or seedlings of woody plants. Each of the subspecies has a clear preference of one or more hosts plants, but none of them is limited thereto.

Aphis fabae: colohy of apterae

Rumex obtusifolius, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman, det. Ad Sonnemans

Aphis fabae: galled leaf of Rumex obtusifolius

damage to the plant

hostplants

incomplete list

Acalypha wilkesiana; Acer tataricum; Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia, ligustica, millefolium, odorata, ptarmica, salicifoilia; Actaea spicata; Adonis aestivalis; Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus hippocastanum; Agastache foeniculum; Ailanthus altissima; Allium ampeloprasum, cepa, sativum; Althaea officinalis; Amaranthus blitoides, deflexus, retroflexus; Amelanchier lamarckii; Amorpha fruticosa; Anacamptis morio; Anacyclus clavatus; Anethum graveolens; Angelica archangelica, sylvestris; Anagallis arvensis; Anchusa azurea; Andryala integrifolia, ragusina; Anethum; Angelica pyrenaea; Anthemis arvensis; Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium, sylvestris; Antirrhinum majus; Apium graveolens; Arctium lappa, minus, tomentosum; Arctotis; Argyranthemum frutescens; Aronia melanocarpa; Artemisia vulgaris; Asclepias syriaca, Asparagus acutifolius, maritimus; Asperula hirta, tinctoria; Atriplex hortensis, patula, prostrata; Berteroa incana; Berula erecta; Beta vulgaris & subsp. maritima; Biscutella valentina; Bistorta officinalis; Borago officinalis; Bougainvillea; Brassica napus, nigra, oleracea; Bryonia cretica subsp. dioical Buddleja alternifolia, davidii; Buxus sempervirens; Calendula arvensis, officinalis; Callicarpa bodinieri; Campanula latifolia, rapunculoides, trachelium; Callistephus chinensis; Campsis radicans; Canna indica; Cannabis sativa; Capsella burs-pastoris; Capsicum annuum; Carduus acanthoides, bourgeanus, carduelis, carlinoides subsp. hispanicus, carpetanus, crispus, defloratus, nigrescens subsp. assoi, nutans, personata, pycnocephalus, tenuiflorus; Carlina; Carpobrotus edulis; Carthamus lanatus, tinctorius; Carum carvi; Catananche caerulea; Caucalis platycarpos; Celastrus orbiculatus; Celtis australis, occidentalis; Centaurea aspera, calcitrapa, deusta, jacea, melitensis, scabiosa, stoebe; Centranthus calcitrapa, ruber; Cestrum nocturnum; Chaerophyllum bulbosum, hirsutum, temulum; Chamaemelum nobile; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium album, bonus-henricus, hybridum, murale, opuifolium, polyspermum, quinoa, strictum; Cichorium intybus, spinosum; Chlorophytum comosum; Chondrilla juncea; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cicer arietinum; Cirsium arvense, monspessulanum & subsp. ferox, oleraceum, palustre, pyrenaicum, vulgare; Cistus ladanifer, laurifolius, populifolius; Citrullus lanatus; Citrus aurantium, limon, reticulata, sinensis; Cladanthus mixtus; Clarkia amoena; Clematis; Coleostephus myconis; Colocasia; Coreopsis; Coronilla valentina & subsp. glauca; Conium maculatum; Convolvulus arvensis; Coriandrum sativum; Cornus sericea; Coronilla juncea; Cotinus coggygria; Cotoneaster; Crataegus crus-galli, monogyna; Crithmum maritimum; Cucumis sativus; Cucurbita pepo; Cuscuta europaea; Cyanus segetum; Cydonia oblonga; Cynara cardunculus. scolymus; Cynoglossum creticum; Cynosurus elegans; Cytisus scoparius; Cyperus payrus; Dahlia pinnata; Dasiphora fruticosa; Datura stramonium; Daucus carota & subsp. maximus; Dendranthema; Descurainia sophia; Deutzia scabra; Dianthus caryophyllus; Digitalis grandiflora, lanata, obscura, parviflora, purpurea; Dipsacus fullonum; Echinops ritro; Echium plantagineum, vulgare & subsp. pustulatum; Epilobium parviflorum; Epipactis helleborine; Erica cinerea; Erigeron canadensis; Erodium cicutarium; Eryngium bourgatii, campestre; Euphorbia pulcherrima; Escallonia × rigida; Fagopyrum esculentum; Fallopia baldschuanica, convolvulus; Fatsia japonica; Ferula communis; Ficus benjamina, carica, lyrata; Foeniculum vulgare; Fontanesia fortunei; Forsythia suspensa, viridissima; Fragaria ananassa; Fraxinus excelsior; Fumaria capreolata, muralis, officinalis, parviflora, vaillantii; Galactites tomentosus; Galium album, aparine, lucidum subsp. fruticescens, murale, mollugo; Genista scorpius; Gentiana lutea; Geranium rotundifolium; Gladiolus x gandavensis, italicus; Glandora diffusa; Glebionis segetum; Gleditsia triacanthos; Gliricidia sepium; Gossypium; Haemanthus; Halimium alyssoides; Hedera helix; Helianthemum violaceum; Helianthus annuus, tuberosus; Helichrysum stoechas; Heliotropium europaeum; Helleborus foetidus; Heracleum sphondylium & subsp. pyrenaicum; Hordeum murinum; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, syriacus; Hieracium bifidum, lachenalii subsp. argillaceum, laevigatum, murorum, sabaudum, schmidtii, tomentosum, virosum; Humulus lupulus; Hylotelephium telephium; Hyoscyamus aureus, niger; Hypericum hyssopifolium, perforatum, tetrapterum; Hypochaeris achyrophorus; Impatiens balsamina, glandulifera, noli-tangere, parviflora; Inula britannica; Iris pseudacorus; Isatis tinctoria; Jacobaea maritima, vulgaris; Jasminum officinale; Kickxia scoparia; Koelreuteria paniculata; Kolkwitzia amabilis; Lactuca sativa; Lantana camara; Laphangium luteoalbum; Laserpitium latifolium, Lathyrus; Lavandula angustifolia; Lens culinaris; Lepidium subulatum; Leucanthemum sylvaticum, vulgare; Levisticum officinale; Ligusticum lucidum; Ligustrum ovalifolium; Lilium candidum; Lotus corniculatus; Lupinus luteus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lycopsis arvensis; Lysimachia nemorum, vulgaris; Lythrum; Maclura pomiformis; Magnolia kobus; Malus domestica; Malva moschata, multiflora, neglecta, sylvestris; Mantisalca salmantica; Matricaria chamomilla, discoidea; Meconopsis cambrica; Medicago sativa; Melissa officinalis; Melilotus indicus, officinalis; Mentha x piperita; Mesembryanthemum cordifolium; Meum athamanticum; Mirabilis jalapa; Morus alba; Musa; Myrrhis odorata; Myricaria germanica; Nerium oleander; Nicotiana tabacum; Oenanthe crocata; Ononis natrix; Onopordum acanthium, illyricum, macracanthum; Ophrys apifera; Oxalis debilis, pes-caprae; Oxyria; Pallenis spinosa; Papaver pinnatifidum, rhoeas, somniferum; Parietaria judaica; Pastina hirsuta, sativa; Peganum harmala; Periploca graeca; Persicarialapathifolia, orientalis; Petroselinum crispum; Peucedanum carvifolia; Phacelia tanacetifolia; Phaseolus vulgaris; Phellodendron amurense; Philadelphus coronarius, pubescens; Picris hieracioides; Pittosporum tobira; Plantago lanceolata; Phyteuma spicatum; Pilosella aurantiaca, cymosa; Pimpinella anisum, major, saxifraga; Pisum sativum; Podospermum laciniatum; Podranea ricosoliana; Polygonum aviculare; Populus alba, x berolinensis; Portulaca oleracea; Prunus avium, cerasifera, domestica, laurocerasus, spinosa; Ptelea trifoliata; Punica granatum; Quercus pubescens; Pyrus; Ranunculus acris subsp. friesianus, arvensis, bulbosus, gramineus; Reichardia picroides; Reseda complicata; Retama sphaerocarpa; Reynoutria japonica; Rhamnus cathartica; Rheum palmatum; Rhinanthus minor; Rhodotypos scandens; Rhus typhina; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rosa; Rosmarinus officinalis; Rubia peregrina, tinctorum; Rubus; Rumex acetosa, conglomeratus, crispus, obtusifolius, papillaris, pulcher, vesicarius; Ruta graveolens; Salix cinerea; Salvia verbenaca; Satureja hortensis; Saxifraga canaliculata; Scabiosa atropurpurea; Scandix pecten-veneris; Scolymus hispanicus; Scorzonera angustifolia; Sedum acre, sediforme; Selinum carvifolia, silaifolium; Sempervivum; Senecio doria subsp. laderoi, gallicus, leucanthemifolius subsp. vernalis, linifolius, vulgaris; Serapias vomeracea; Seseli libanotis; Silene baccifera, diocia, vulgaris; Silybum marianum; Smilax excelsa; Smyrnium olusatrum, perfoliatum; Solanum dulcamara, guineense, nigrum, tuberosum, villosum; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Sparganium erectum; Spartium junceum; Spinacia oleracea; Spiraea x bumalda, cantoniensis, japonica, x semperflorens; Stellaria media; Styphnolobium japonicum; Suaeda maritima; Symphoricarpos albus; Symphyotrichum parviflorum; Tagetes; Tamarix gallica; Tanacetum cinerariifolium, corymbosum, parthenium, vulgare; Taraxacum officinale; Tetradium daniellii; Thapsia garganica, villosa; Tordylium apulum, maximum; Torilis arvensis & subsp. neglecta, japonica, nodosa; Tragopogon pratensis; Trifolium alexandrinum, repens, resupinatum; Tripleurospermum inodorum; Tropaeolum majus; Typha; Ulmus laevis, minor; Urtica dioica, membranacea, urens; Valeriana officinalis, pyrenaica, tripteris; Veratrum album; Verbascum chaixii subsp. austriacum; Veronica; Viburnum opulus, tinus; Vicia faba, sepium, villosa subsp. ambigua; Vigna unguiculata; Vitex agnus-castus; Vitis vinifera; Xanthium orientale; Xerochrysum bracteatum; Yucca filamentosa, aloifolia; Zanthoxylum americanum, bungeanum; Zea mays.

synonyms

Aphis papaveris Fabricius, 1781; A. silybi Passerini, 1861.

references

Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Basky (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Hałaj & Osiadacz (2015a), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Holman (1998a), Houard (1908a, 1909a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Máca (2012a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudière & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Müller (1986a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieta & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Remaudière, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1986a), Roskam (2009a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Seco Fernández, Mier Durante, Blaso Zumeta & Nieto Nafrîa (1998a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Weis (1955a).

mod 6.x.2018