Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763

zwarte bonenluis

op Euonymus (Philadelphus, Viburnum), primaire waardplanten

Aphis fabae on Sonchus oleraceus

Sonchus oleraceus, Engeland © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gal

Apterae 2-3 mm, meestal dofzwart met zwarte siphunculi en cauda. Juvenielen, soms ook volwassen apterae hebben een dubbele langsrij van vlokjes witte was. Ze worden door mieren bezocht.
“Aphis fabae” is een complex van ondersoorten, of soorten nog in het proces van soortsvorming. Onderling zijn ze min of meer kruisbaar, en de morfologische verschillen zijn gering en variabel. De volgende ondersoorten worden in het algemeen onderscheiden: Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis, fabae evonymi, fabae fabae, fabae mordvilkoi en fabae solanella.

waardplanten

Adoxaceae, Celastraceae, Hydrangeaceae: polyfaag

Euonymus alatus, europaeusm japonicus; Philadelphus coronarius; Viburnum opulus.

Niet alle ondersoorten leven op elke van deze drie waardplanten.


secundaire waardplanten

zeer polyfaag op kruiden, of zaailingen van houtige gewassen. Per ondersoort bestaan er duidelijke voorkeuren, maar niet één ondersoort lijkt volledig daartoe beperkt te zijn.

Aphis fabae: colohy of apterae

Rumex obtusifolius, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman, det. Ad Sonnemans

Aphis fabae: galled leaf of Rumex obtusifolius

schade aan de plant

waardplanten

incomplete lijst

Acalypha wilkesiana; Acer tataricum; Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia, ligustica, millefolium, odorata, ptarmica, salicifoilia; Actaea spicata; Adonis aestivalis; Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus hippocastanum; Agastache foeniculum; Ailanthus altissima; Allium ampeloprasum, cepa, sativum; Althaea officinalis; Amaranthus blitoides, deflexus, retroflexus; Amelanchier lamarckii; Amorpha fruticosa; Anacamptis morio; Anacyclus clavatus; Anethum graveolens; Angelica archangelica, sylvestris; Anagallis arvensis; Anchusa azurea; Andryala integrifolia, ragusina; Anethum; Angelica pyrenaea; Anthemis arvensis; Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium, sylvestris; Antirrhinum majus; Apium graveolens; Arctium lappa, minus, tomentosum; Arctotis; Argyranthemum frutescens; Aronia melanocarpa; Artemisia vulgaris; Asclepias syriaca, Asparagus acutifolius, maritimus; Asperula hirta, tinctoria; Atriplex hortensis, patula, prostrata; Berteroa incana; Berula erecta; Beta vulgaris & subsp. maritima; Biscutella valentina; Bistorta officinalis; Borago officinalis; Bougainvillea; Brassica napus, nigra, oleracea; Bryonia dioica; Buddleja alternifolia, davidii; Buxus sempervirens; Calendula arvensis, officinalis; Callicarpa bodinieri; Campanula latifolia, rapunculoides, trachelium; Callistephus chinensis; Campsis radicans; Canna indica; Cannabis sativa; Capsella burs-pastoris; Capsicum annuum; Carduus acanthoides, bourgeanus, carduelis, carlinoides subsp. hispanicus, carpetanus, clavulatus, crispus, defloratus, nigrescens subsp. assoi, nutans, personata, pycnocephalus, tenuiflorus; Carlina; Carpobrotus edulis; Carthamus lanatus, tinctorius; Carum carvi; Catananche caerulea; Caucalis platycarpos; Celastrus orbiculatus; Celtis australis, occidentalis; Centaurea aspera, calcitrapae, deusta, jacea, melitensis, scabiosa, stoebe; Centranthus calcitrapae, ruber; Cestrum nocturnum; Chaerophyllum bulbosum, hirsutum, temulum; Chamaemelum nobile; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium album, bonus-henricus, hybridum, murale, opuifolium, quinoa, strictum; Cichorium intybus, spinosum; Chlorophytum comosum; Chondrilla juncea; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cicer arietinum; Cirsium arvense, monspessulanum & subsp. ferox, oleraceum, palustre, pyrenaicum, vulgare; Cistus ladanifer, lasianthus subsp. alyssoides, laurifolius, populifolius; Citrullus colocynthis, lanatus; Citrus aurantium, limon, reticulata, sinensis; Cladanthus mixtus; Clarkia amoena; Clematis; Coleostephus myconis; Colocasia; Coreopsis verticillata; Coronilla valentina & subsp. glauca; Conium maculatum; Convolvulus arvensis; Coriandrum sativum; Cornus sericea; Coronilla juncea; Cotinus coggygria; Cotoneaster; Crataegus crus-galli, monogyna; Crithmum maritimum; Cucumis sativus; Cucurbita pepo; Cuscuta europaea; Cyanus segetum; Cydonia oblonga; Cynara cardunculus. scolymus; Cynoglossum creticum; Cynosurus elegans; Cytisus scoparius; Cyperus payrus; Dahlia pinnata; Dasiphora fruticosa; Datura stramonium; Daucus carota & subsp. maximus; Dendranthema; Descurainia sophia; Deutzia scabra; Dianthus caryophyllus; Digitalis grandiflora, lanata, obscura, parviflora, purpurea; Dipsacus fullonum; Echinops ritro; Echium plantagineum, vulgare & subsp. pustulatum; Emex spinosa; Epilobium parviflorum; Epipactis helleborine; Erica cinerea; Erigeron canadensis; Erodium cicutarium; Eryngium bourgatii, campestre; Euphorbia pulcherrima; Escallonia × rigida; Fagopyrum esculentum; Fallopia baldschuanica, convolvulus; Fatsia japonica; Ferula communis; Ficus benjamina, carica, elastica, lyrata; Foeniculum vulgare; Fontanesia fortunei; Forsythia suspensa, viridissima; Fragaria ananassa; Fraxinus excelsior; Fumaria capreolata, muralis, officinalis, parviflora, vaillantii; Galactites tomentosus; Galium album, aparine, lucidum subsp. fruticescens, murale, mollugo; Genista scorpius; Gentiana lutea; Geranium rotundifolium; Gladiolus x gandavensis, italicus; Glandora diffusa; Glebionis segetum; Gleditsia triacanthos; Gliricidia sepium; Gossypium; Habenaria tridactylites; Haemanthus; Hedera helix; Helianthemum violaceum; Helianthus annuus, tuberosus; Helichrysum stoechas; Heliotropium europaeum; Helleborus foetidus; Heracleum sphondylium & subsp. pyrenaicum; Hordeum murinum; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, syriacus; Hieracium bifidum, lachenalii subsp. argillaceum, laevigatum, murorum, sabaudum, schmidtii, tomentosum, virosum; Humulus lupulus; Hylotelephium telephium; Hyoscyamus aureus, niger; Hypericum hyssopifolium, perforatum, tetrapterum; Hypochaeris achyrophorus; Impatiens balsamina, glandulifera, noli-tangere, parviflora; Inula britannica; Iris pseudacorus; Isatis tinctoria; Jacobaea maritima, vulgaris; Jasminum officinale; Kickxia scoparia; Koelreuteria paniculata; Kolkwitzia amabilis; Lactuca sativa; Lantana camara; Laphangium luteoalbum; Laserpitium latifolium, Lathyrus; Lavandula angustifolia; Lens culinaris; Lepidium subulatum; Leucanthemum sylvaticum, vulgare; Levisticum officinale; Ligusticum lucidum; Ligustrum ovalifolium; Lilium candidum; Lipandra polysperma; Lolium perenne; Lotus corniculatus; Lupinus luteus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lycopsis arvensis; Lysimachia nemorum, vulgaris; Lythrum; Maclura pomiformis; Magnolia kobus; Malus domestica; Malva moschata, multiflora, neglecta, pusilla, sylvestris; Mantisalca salmantica; Matricaria chamomilla, discoidea; Meconopsis cambrica; Medicago sativa; Melissa officinalis; Melilotus indicus, officinalis; Mentha x piperita; Mesembryanthemum cordifolium, crystallinum; Meum athamanticum; Mirabilis jalapa; Morus alba; Musa x paradisiaca; Myrrhis odorata; Myricaria germanica; Nerium oleander; Nicotiana tabacum; Oenanthe crocata, peucedanifolia; Ononis natrix; Onopordum acanthium, illyricum, macracanthum; Ophrys apifera; Oxalis debilis, pes-caprae; Oxyria; Pallenis spinosa; Papaver pinnatifidum, rhoeas, somniferum; Parietaria judaica, officinalis; Pastina hirsuta, sativa; Peganum harmala; Periploca graeca; Persea americana; Persicarialapathifolia, orientalis; Petroselinum crispum; Peucedanum carvifolia; Phacelia tanacetifolia; Phaseolus vulgaris; Phellodendron amurense; Philadelphus coronarius, pubescens; Picris hieracioides; Pittosporum tobira; Plantago lanceolata; Phyteuma spicatum; Pilosella aurantiaca, cymosa; Pimpinella anisum, major, saxifraga; Pisum sativum; Podospermum laciniatum; Podranea ricosoliana; Polygonum aviculare; Populus alba, x berolinensis; Portulaca oleracea; Prunus avium, cerasifera, domestica, laurocerasus, spinosa; Ptelea trifoliata; Punica granatum; Quercus pubescens; Pyrus; Ranunculus acris subsp. friesianus, arvensis, bulbosus, gramineus; Reichardia picroides; Reseda complicata; Retama sphaerocarpa; Reynoutria japonica; Rhamnus cathartica; Rheum palmatum; Rhinanthus minor; Rhodotypos scandens; Rhus typhina; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rosa; Rosmarinus officinalis; Rubia peregrina, tinctorum; Rubus; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, conglomeratus, crispus, obtusifolius, papillaris, pulcher, vesicarius; Ruta graveolens; Salix cinerea; Salvia officinalis, verbenaca; Satureja hortensis; Saxifraga canaliculata; Scabiosa atropurpurea; Scandix pecten-veneris; Scolymus hispanicus; Scorzonera angustifolia; Sedum acre, sediforme; Selinum carvifolia, silaifolium; Sempervivum; Senecio doria subsp. laderoi, gallicus, leucanthemifolius subsp. vernalis, linifolius, vulgaris; Serapias vomeracea; Seseli libanotis; Silene baccifera, diocia, vulgaris; Silybum marianum; Smilax excelsa; Smyrnium olusatrum, perfoliatum; Solanum dulcamara, guineense, nigrum, tuberosum, villosum; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Sparganium erectum; Spartium junceum; Spinacia oleracea; Spiraea x bumalda, cantoniensis, japonica, x semperflorens; Stellaria media; Styphnolobium japonicum; Suaeda maritima; Symphoricarpos albus; Symphyotrichum parviflorum; Tagetes; Tamarix gallica; Tanacetum cinerariifolium, corymbosum, parthenium, vulgare; Taraxacum officinale; Tetradium daniellii; Thapsia garganica, villosa; Tordylium apulum, maximum; Torilis arvensis & subsp. neglecta, japonica, nodosa; Tragopogon pratensis; Trifolium alexandrinum, repens, resupinatum; Tripleurospermum inodorum; Tropaeolum majus; Typha; Ulmus laevis, minor; Urtica dioica, membranacea, urens; Valeriana officinalis, pyrenaica, tripteris; Veratrum album; Verbascum chaixii subsp. austriacum; Veronica; Viburnum opulus, tinus; Vicia faba, sativa, sepium, villosa subsp. ambigua; Vigna unguiculata; Vitex agnus-castus; Vitis vinifera; Volutaria lippii; Xanthium orientale; Xerochrysum bracteatum; Yucca filamentosa, aloifolia; Zanthoxylum americanum, bungeanum; Zea mays.

synoniemen

Aphis papaveris Fabricius, 1781; A. silybi Passerini, 1861.

literatuur

Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Basky (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), García Prieto & Nieto Nafría (2005a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Goodarzifar, Madjdzadeh & Mehrpar (2016a), Hałaj & Osiadacz (2015a), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Holman (1998a), Houard (1908a, 1909a), Ilić Milošević, Lazarević, Petrović-Obradović & Žikić (2014a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Máca (2012a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudière & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Müller (1986a), Nieto Nafría (1976a)m Nieto Nafría & de Benito Dorrego (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieta & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Remaudière, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1986a), Roskam (2009a, 2019a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Seco Fernández, Mier Durante, Blaso Zumeta & Nieto Nafrîa (1998a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Weis (1955a), Wilkaniec & Piekarska-Boniecka (2008a).

mod 19.ix.2019