Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877

coton aphid, melon aphid

extremely polyphagous

Aphis gossypii on Hypericum xylosteifolium

Hypericum xylosteifolium, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

parasite

Apterae 1-2 mm; the colour varies from like illustrated above till pale whitish in overcrowded colonies under high temperatures.

hostplants

broadly polyphagous

Abelmoschus esculentus; Acalypha wilkesiana; Acanthus mollis; Aeonium arboreum; Agrimonia eupatoria; Ajuga iva; Aloe arborescens; Althaea officinalis; Amaranthus retroflexus; Anacyclus valentinusl Anagallis arvensis; Andryala integrifolia; Anemone; Argyranthemum frutescens; Atriplex patula; Bauhinia aculeata, purpurea; Begonia; Beta vulgaris; Bidens frondosus; Bignonia; Bituminaria bituminosa; Bougainvillea spectabilis; Brassica oleracea; Buddleja davidii; Calendula officinalis; Calotropis procera; Cannabis sativa; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Capsicum annuum; Centaurium quadrifolium subsp. barrelieri; Cestrum aurantiacum, nocturnum; Chaenomeles japonica; Chaerophyllum hirsutum; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cichorium endivia; Cirsium arvense; Citrullus lanatus; Citrus aurantium, clementina, limon, paradisi, retiulata, sinensis; Clinopodium vulgare; Coleostephus myconis; Cosmos bipinnatus; Cotoneaster salicifolius; Cotyledon orbiculata; Crataegus monogyna; Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia; Cucumis melo, sativus; Cucurbita maxima, moschata, pepo; Cyclamen; Daphne; Daucus carota subsp. maximus; Dittrichia viscosa; Ecballium elaterium; Echium vulgare; Emex spinosa; Epilobium parviflorum; Equisetum sylvaticum; Erigeron canadensis, ivifolius, sumatrensis; Eriobotrya japonica; Euonymus europaeus, japonicus; Fallopia baldschuanica; Fragaria vesca; Galium aparine; Galeopsis tetrahit; Gerbera; Glebionis segetum; Gossypium herbaceum, hirsutum; Helianthus annuus; Helichrysum stoechas; Helminthotheca echioides; Hibiscus cannabinus, rosa-sinensis, syriacus, trionum; Humulus lupulus; Hyacinthus; Hypecoum procumbens; Hypericum xylosteifolium; Impatiens; Jacaranda mimosifolia; Ipomoea tricolor; Iva xanthifolia; Kickxia spuria; Lagenaria siceraria; Lagerstroemia indica; Lamium; Lantana camara; Lilium candidum, longiflorum; Limonium sinuatum; Lycium barbarum; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lysimachia vulgaris; Malus domestica; Malva multiflora, subovata; Matricaria chamomilla; Mentha longifolia, suaveolens; Mespilus germanica; Mirabilis jalapa; Myoporum tenuifolium; Myosotis arvensis; Myrtus communis; Nepeta mallophora; Nerium oleande; Nicotiana tabacum; Nigella damascena; Ocimum basilicum; Oxalis debilis, pes-caprae; Papaver rhoeas; Paronychia suffruticosa; Pastinaca sativa; Pelargonium; Periploca angustifolia; Petroselinum crispum; Phagnalon saxatile; Phaseolus coccineus; Philadelphus; Phlomis lychnitis; Pilosella officinarum; Podospermum laciniatum; Podranea ricosoliana; Portulaca oleracea; Potentilla aurea, reptans; Prasium majus; Prunus domestica, dulcis; Punica granatum; Pyracantha coccinea; Pyrus communis, pyrifolia; Quercus ilex; Ricinus communis; Robinia pseudoacacia; Roldana petasitis; Rosa canina; Rosmarinus officinalis; Rumex crispus; Salix matsudana; Salvia clevelandii, officinalis & subsp. lavandulifolia, sclarea, verbenaca; Santolina chamaecyparissus; Schefflera actinophylla; Scorzonera angustifolia; Sedum; Sinapis alba; Smilax aspera; Solanum melongena, tuberosum; Sonchus oleraceus, tenerrimus; Tagetes erecta; Tamarix gallica; Taraxacum officinale; Tecoma capensis, stans; Thapsia villosa; Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta; Trifolium; Tulipa; Ulmus minor; Urtica membranacea; Urospermum dalechampii, picroides; Verbena officinalis; Veronica speciosal Viburnum odoratissimum; Vinca difformis, major; Viola tricolor; Vitis vinifera; Xanthium orientale; Yucca aloifolia; .

synonyms

Aphis, Cerosipha, frangulae gpssypii.

notes

An important pest on cucumber and other Cucurbitaceae in greenhouses; in warmer regions also in the open, and on cotton.

references

Albrecht (2015a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Heie (1986a), Holamn (1998a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a). Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Weis (1955a).

mod 7.ix.2018