Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aphis holoenotherae

Aphis holoenotherae Rakauskas, 2007a

on Oenothera

Aphis holoenotherae on Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis, Lieren (ge), © Arnold Grosscurt: malformed plant

Aphis holoenotherae on Oenothera biennis

group of young alatae

Aphis holoenotherae: infestation on Oenothera deflexa

Oenothera deflexa, Belgium, prov. Liège, Herstal © Jean-Yves Baugnée, det. Rimantas Rakauskas

Aphis holoenotherae: aphids on Oenothera deflexa

the aphids

Aphis holoenotherae

Oenothera sp., Loenen (Ge) © Arnold Grosscurt: the species is intensively attended by ants

Aphis holoenotherae

young alatae

host plants

Onagraceae, monophagous

Oenothera biennis, brevihypanthialis, casimiri, deflexa, flaemingina, hazeliae var. subterminalis, lamarckiana, oakesiana, pseudosuaveolens.


This is the only aphid that is fully dependent on evening primrose. The species very closely resembles Aphis oenotherae Oestlund, 1997, and was confused with it until recently. A. oenotherae has Ribes as primary host plant, and migrates to Onagraceae in summer; A. holoenotherae lives permanently on Oenothera. For the moment oenotherae seems not to occur in Europe.


Blackman & Eastop (2011a), Murányi (2018a), Rakauskas (2007a, 2008a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Rakauskas, Turčinavičienė & Bašilova (2011a).

Last modified 5.iii.2023