Aphis violae Schouteden, 1900

violet root collar aphid

on Viola

Aphis violae: aptera and immatures on Viola odorata

Viola odorata, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

ant-attended aphids on the lower and subterranean parts of the plant. The aphids are 1-2 mm long, mottled olive green; antennae longer than the body, siphunculi black, somewhat longer than the slender, brownish cauda.

host plants

Violaceae, monophagous

Viola arvensis, hirta, mirabilis, odorata, palustris, reichenbachiana, tricolor.

synonyms

Toxopterina violae.

references

Blackman & Eastop (2014), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buhr (1965a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), Heie (1986a), Meliá (1991a), Müller (1986a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieto & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Petrović (1998a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 23.i.2019