Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus, 1758)

bird cherry-oat aphid

on Prunus, primary host plant

Rhopalosiphum padi: eggs

Prunus padus, Hongarije, Budapest © László Érsek: eggs, december (all following pictures at the same tree)

Rhopalosiphum padi: fundatrices

fundatrices woth you apterae; end of March

Rhopalosiphum padi: colony Prunus padus

colony; mid April

Rhopalosiphum padi: apterae ald alate

two mature apterae and an alate

Rhopalosiphum padi: galled leaf of Prunus padus

galled leaf

Rhopalosiphum padi galls

Prunus padus, Dronten (+ Phyllocoptes eupadi); © Arnold Grosscurt

Rhopalosiphum padi gall

Prunus padus, Castricum

aphids

group of aphids

Brachycaudus helichrysi: fundatrices on Prunus padus

Prunus padus, Zeewolde, Harderbos © Hans Jonkman; end of Mach: fundatrices and young apterae

Brachycaudus helichrysi: fundatrices on Prunus padus

detail

Rhopalosiphum padi: apterae on Prunus padus

Prunus padus, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman

Rhopalosiphum padi on Prunus padus

Prunus padus, Zeewolde, Harderbos © Hans Jonkman: th densities may be staggering

Rhopalosiphum padi: aphids on Prunus padus

Prunus padus, Engeland © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

host plant

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus armeniaca, cerasifera, domestica & subsp; insititia, japonica, mahaleb, padus & subsp. borealis, pensylcanica, persica, spinosa, tenella, virginiana, “x davidiopersica”.

P. padus is the main host plant; only rarely on sloe.


mainly on monocotyledons, secondary host plants

Rhopalosiphum padi: aphids on Avena sativa

Avena sativa, England, East Sussex © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

Both on the primary as on the secondary hostplant the aphids often have a rust-coloured spot at the base of the siphunculi.

hostplants

grasses, including cereals, but also Arecaceae, Cyperaceae, Iridaceae, Juncaceae, Typhaceae, and even dicots.

“Agropyron”; Agrostis; Allium cepa; Ampelodesmos mauretanicus; Anisantha diandra; Apera spica-venti; Arrhenatherum elatius; Arundo donax; Avena barbata, fatua, sativa, sterilis, strigosa; Brachypodium retusum; Bromus; Calamagrostis; Ceratochloa cathartica; Chamaedorea elegans; Cynosurus echinatus; Cyperus eragrostis, longus, rotundus; Dactylis glomerata & subsp. lobata; Deschampsia; Dittrichia viscosa; Echinochloa crus-galli; Elymus; Elytrigia repens; Festuca valentina; Glyceria; Helictochloa pratensis; Helictotrichon; Holcus lanatus; Hordelymus; Hordeum murinum & subsp. leporinum, vulgare & subsp. distichon; Iris; Lolium multiflorum, temulentum; Melica; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaris canariensis; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum; Phragmites australis; Poa; Rostraria cristata; Secale cereale; Setaria pumila; Sorghum halepense; Stellaria; Tilia platyphyllos; Triticale; Triticum aestivum, turgidum subsp. durum; Typha; Vulpia alopecuros; Zea mays.

Occasionally on Brassica nigra; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Carex; Juncus bufonius; Triglochin.

synonyms

Aphis, Sitobion, padi.

references

Albrecht (2015a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dietrich (2016a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (2011a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1908a), Lampel (1988a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieto & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), de la Peña, Vandomme & Frago (2014a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Roskam (2009a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998a), Sylvén (1960a), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1994a), Tomasi (2014a), Weis (1955a).

mod 23.v.2018