Brachycaudus cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

plum – thistle aphid, thistle aphid

on Prunus, primary host plant

Brachycaudus cardui gall

Prunus spinosa, Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus domestica & subsp. insititia, spinosa.

Sometimes P. armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, dulcis, fruticans, fruticosa, mandshurica, persica, tenella.


mainly on Asteraceae and Boraginaceae, secondary host plants

Brachycaudus cardui: apterae on Carduus tenuiflorus

Carduus tenuiflorus, Engeland, Sussex, Cuckmere Haven © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

aphids in dense, usually ant-attended colonies on leaves and stems.

host plants

Asteraceae, Boraginaceae etc., polyphagous

Achillea millefolium; Adenostyles alpina, leucophylla; Anacyclus clavatus; Anchusa; Anthemis arvensis; Arctium lappa, minus, tomentosum; Artemisia; Bellis perennis; Borago officinalis; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Carduus acanthoides, clavulatus, crispus, defloratus & subsp. glaucus, nigrescens subsp. assoi, nutans & subsp. platylepis, pycnocephalus, tenuiflorus; Cirsium arvense, eriophorum, erisithales, heterophyllum, oleraceum, palustre, pannonicum, vulgare; Cota austriaca, tinctoria; Cynara cardunculus, scolymus; Cynoglossum officinale; Chrysanthemum; Crepis triasii; Cynoglossum montanum; Dittrichia viscosa; Echinops ritro & subsp. ruthenicus; Echium vulgare; Galactites tomentosus; Helianthus; Hieracium bosniacum; Hymenoxys hoopesii; Inula; Jacobaea aquatica, vulgaris; Lappula squarrosa; Leucanthemum x superbum, vulgare; Lithospermum officinale; Lythrum salicaria; Matricaria chamomilla; Myosotis arvensis, scorpioides; Notobasis syriaca; Onopordum acanthium, macracanthum, nervosum; Picnomon acarna; Ptilostemon afer; Pulmonaria officinalis; Salvia officinalis; Sedum spurium; Senecio leucanthemifolius subsp. vernalis, nemorensis, ovatus, squalidus subsp. rupestris, viscosus, vulgaris; Silybum marianum; Symphytum cordatum, officinale; Tanacetum parthenium, vulgare; Tephroseris papposa; Tripleurospermum inodorum; Tussilago farfara.

Often on shepherd’s purse

synonyms

Acaudus, Aphis cardui; ? Brachycaudus lateralis (Walker, 1848).

notes

In warmer regions no host alternation takes place; the species then lives permanently on herbs.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Barjadze, Japoshvili, Karaca & Özdemir (2014a), Basky (2015a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), Flügel (2016a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Goodarzifar, Madjdzadeh & Mehrpar (2016a), Heie (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1909a), Lampel (1988a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Müller & Horatschek (1980a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a, 1983a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2009a, 2017a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Roskam (2009a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Seco Fernández, Mier Durante, Blaso Zumeta & Nieto Nafrîa (1998a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998b), Szelegiewicz (1982b), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Tomasi (2014a), Weis (1955a), Wilkaniec & Piekarska-Boniecka (2008a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 10.ii.2019