Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kaltenbach, 1843)

leaf-curling plum aphid

on Prunus, primary host plant

Brachycaudus helichrysi: aptera on Prunus spinosa

Prunus spinosa, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

leaves in spring rolled up tightly. Aphids 2 mm, yellowish, greenish or brownish, shining, somewhat waxy; siphunculi very short; antennae shorter than the body with a darkened tip.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, domestica & subsp. insititia, dulcis, persica, spinosa, triloba.


mainly on Asteraceae and Boraginaceae, secondary host plants

Erigeron canadensis galled by Brachycaudus helichrysi

Erigeron canadensis, Nieuwendam

Brachycaudus helichrysi

aphid

cf Brachycaudus helichrysi galls on Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare, Bloedbergduin © Jan Scheffers

cf Brachycaudus helichrysi galls on Echium vulgare

galled leaf

Brachycaudus helichrysi gall

Aster spec., Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt

Brachycaudus helichrysi: galls on Erigeron annuus

Erigeron annuus, France, Isère, Rhône-Alpes, Les Abrets; © Arnold Grosscurt

gall

aphids are uniformly pale yellow, pale green or light pink,1-2 mm; the cauda is short and wide.

host plants

Asteraceae, Boraginaceae, etc., polyphagous

Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia, lingulata, millefolium, nobilis. ptarmica, seidlii; Adenostyles alliariae, alpina subsp. australis; Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum; Ageratum; Ambrosia artemisiifolia; Anacyclus clavatus; Anchusa; Andryala pinnatifida; Anthemis arvensis; Argyranthemum broussonetii, foeniculaceum, frutescens; Artemisia maritima; Aster amellus; Asteriscus aquaticus; Baccharis halimifolia; Bartsia alpina; Bellidiastrum michelii; Bellis; Bidens cernuus, frondosus, pilosus, tripartitus; Borago officinalis; Buglossoides arvensis; Calendula arvensis, officinalis; Callistephus chinensis; Camelina; Carduus; Carthamus lanatus; Centaurea deusta, paniculata; Chrysanthemum indicum, zawadskii; Crepis triasii; Cyanus segetum; Cynara scolymus; Cynoglossum creticum; Dahlia; Descurainia millefolia; Dittrichia viscosa; Echinacea purpurea; Echinops; Echium vulgare; Erigeron annuus, bonariensis, canadensis, acris, sumatrensis; Eupatorium cannabinum; Galactites tomentosus; Genista tinctoria; Geropogon hybridus; Gnaphalium sylvaticum, uliginosum; Helianthus annuus; Helichrysum stoechas;Hieracium bosniacum; Hippuris vulgaris; Homogyne alpina; Hypochaeris achyrophorus; Impatiens balsamina; Inula conyzae, helenium; Iva xanthifolia; Jacobaea subalpina, vulgaris; Kleinia neriifolia; Lactuca sativa; Launaea arborescens; Leontopodium nivale subsp. alpinum; Leonurus cardiaca; Leucanthemum maximum, vulgare; Lithospermum officinale; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lycopsis arvensis; Matricaria chamomilla, discoidea; Myosotis arvensis, collina, scorpioides, suaveolens, sylvativa; Pallenis spinosa; Pedicularis brachyodonta; Penstemon barbatus; Pericallis lanata; Phagnalon saxatile; Picris hieracioides subsp. longifolia; Pilosella bauhinii, caespitosa; Pistacia; Plantago major; Populus; Prunella vulgaris; Pulicaria dysenterica, vulgaris; Pulmonaria; Rhinanthus alectorolophus, minor; Rosa canina; Rudbeckia fulgida; Rumex acetosella; Salix alpina; Salvia officinalis; Saxifraga; Senecio nemorensis, ovatus, viscosus, sylvaticus, vulgaris; Solidago gigantea, virgaurea; Sonchus oleraceus; Stellaria media; Symphytum officinale, tuberosum; Tanacetum cinerariifolium, vulgare;Telekia speciosa; Trifolium pratense; Tripleurospermum inodorum; Urospermum picroides; Tripolium pannonicum; Veronica hederifolia, orsiniana, persica, urticifolia; Vinca difformis; Viola tricolor; Volutaria lippii.

synonyms

Aphis helichrysi; A. leontopodii Schouteden, 1903; A. myosotidis Koch, 1854; A. prunina Walker, 1838.

notes

In warmer regions no host alternation takes place; the species then live permanently on herbs.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Béguinot (2006a, 2007a, 2012a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dransfield & Brightwell (2015a), Franquinho Aguiar, Ilharco, Khadem & Moreira (2013a), Heie (1992a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1908a, 1909a), Lambinon & Schneider (2004a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Máca (2012a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudière & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a, 1983a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Roskam (2009a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998b), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Tomasi (2014a), Weis (1955), Wilkaniec & Piekarska-Boniecka (2008a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 19.vii.2019