Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Brachycaudus helichrysi

Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kaltenbach, 1843)

leaf-curling plum aphid

on Prunus, primary host plant

Brachycaudus helichrysi: aptera on Prunus spinosa

Prunus spinosa, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

leaves in spring rolled up tightly. Aphids 2 mm, yellowish, greenish or brownish, shining, somewhat waxy; siphunculi very short; antennae shorter than the body with a darkened tip.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, domestica & subsp. insititia, dulcis, persica, spinosa, triloba.


mainly on Asteraceae and Boraginaceae, secondary host plants

Brachycaudus helichrysi on Helianthus annuus

Helianthus annuus, Hungary, Kimle, 27.vi.2016 © László Érsek: malformed flower head

Brachycaudus helichrysi on Helianthus annuus

after removal of some of the involucral leaves

Brachycaudus helichrysi

colony

Brachycaudus helichrysi

aptera

Erigeron canadensis galled by Brachycaudus helichrysi

Erigeron canadensis, Nieuwendam

Brachycaudus helichrysi

aphid

cf Brachycaudus helichrysi galls on Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare, Bloedbergduin © Jan Scheffers

cf Brachycaudus helichrysi galls on Echium vulgare

galled leaf

Brachycaudus helichrysi gall

Aster spec., Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt

Brachycaudus helichrysi: galls on Erigeron annuus

Erigeron annuus, France, Isère, Rhône-Alpes, Les Abrets; © Arnold Grosscurt

gall

aphids are uniformly pale yellow, pale green or light pink,1-2 mm; the cauda is short and wide.

host plants

Asteraceae, Boraginaceae, etc., polyphagous

Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia, lingulata, millefolium, nobilis. ptarmica, seidlii; Adenostyles alliariae, alpina subsp. australis; Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum; Ageratum; Ambrosia artemisiifolia; Anacyclus clavatus; Anchusa; Andryala pinnatifida; Anthemis arvensis; Argyranthemum broussonetii, foeniculaceum, frutescens; Artemisia maritima; Aster amellus; Asteriscus aquaticus; Baccharis halimifolia; Bartsia alpina; Bellidiastrum michelii; Bellis; Bidens cernuus, frondosus, pilosus, tripartitus; Borago officinalis; Buglossoides arvensis; Calendula arvensis, officinalis; Callistephus chinensis; Camelina; Carduus; Carthamus lanatus; Centaurea deusta, paniculata; Chrysanthemum indicum, zawadskii; Crepis triasii; Cyanus segetum; Cynara scolymus; Cynoglossum creticum; Dahlia; Descurainia millefolia; Dittrichia viscosa; Echinacea purpurea; Echinops; Echium vulgare; Erigeron annuus, bonariensis, canadensis, acris, sumatrensis; Eupatorium cannabinum; Galactites tomentosus; Genista tinctoria; Geropogon hybridus; Gnaphalium sylvaticum, uliginosum; Helianthus annuus; Helichrysum stoechas;Hieracium bosniacum; Hippuris vulgaris; Homogyne alpina; Hypochaeris achyrophorus; Impatiens balsamina; Inula conyzae, helenium; Iva xanthifolia; Jacobaea subalpina, vulgaris; Kleinia neriifolia; Lactuca sativa; Launaea arborescens; Leontopodium nivale subsp. alpinum; Leonurus cardiaca; Leucanthemum maximum, vulgare; Lithospermum officinale; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lycopsis arvensis; Matricaria chamomilla, discoidea; Myosotis arvensis, collina, scorpioides, suaveolens, sylvativa; Pallenis spinosa; Pedicularis brachyodonta; Penstemon barbatus; Pericallis lanata; Phagnalon saxatile; Picris hieracioides subsp. longifolia; Pilosella bauhinii, caespitosa; Pistacia; Plantago major; Populus; Prunella vulgaris; Pulicaria dysenterica, vulgaris; Pulmonaria; Rhinanthus alectorolophus, minor; Rosa canina; Rudbeckia fulgida; Rumex acetosella; Salix alpina; Salvia officinalis; Saxifraga; Senecio nemorensis, ovatus, viscosus, sylvaticus, vulgaris; Solidago gigantea, virgaurea; Sonchus oleraceus; Stellaria media; Symphytum officinale, tuberosum; Tanacetum cinerariifolium, vulgare;Telekia speciosa; Trifolium pratense; Tripleurospermum inodorum; Urospermum picroides; Tripolium pannonicum; Veronica hederifolia, orsiniana, persica, urticifolia; Vinca difformis; Viola tricolor; Volutaria lippii.

synonyms

Aphis helichrysi; A. leontopodii Schouteden, 1903; A. myosotidis Koch, 1854; A. prunina Walker, 1838.

notes

In warmer regions no host alternation takes place; the species then live permanently on herbs.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Barjadze (2017a), Béguinot (2006a, 2007a, 2012a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dransfield & Brightwell (2015a), Franquinho Aguiar, Ilharco, Khadem & Moreira (2013a), Heie (1992a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1908a, 1909a), Lambinon & Schneider (2004a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Máca (2012a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Remaudière & Nieto Nafría (1988a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a, 1983a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Piron (2017a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Roskam (2009a, 2019a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998b), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2014a), Weis (1955), Wilkaniec & Piekarska-Boniecka (2008a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

Last modified 25.iii.2020