Dysaphis crataegi (Kaltenbach, 1843)

hawthorn-carrot aphid

on Crataegus, primary hostplant

Dysaphis crataegi s.l.: gall on Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna Hungary, Budapest © László Érsek; D. crataegi sensu lato!

Dysaphis crataegi s.l.: apterae

apterae

Dysaphis crataegi s.l.: apterae

detail

Dysaphis crataegi s.l.: alata

alate

gall

leaves partly curled and cherry-red with a sharp demarcation between green and red. The aphids are greenish or grey, covered by powdery wax; the feet are black. Cauda short.

hostplants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Crataegus laevigata, monogyna.


on Apiaceae, secondary host plants

Dysaphis crataegi crataegi: aptera on Anthriscus sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

Aphids on the roots. They are attended by ants both on the primary and on the secondary host plant.

Based on the secondary host plant, three subspecies are recognised. D. crataegi crataegi migrates to Daucus carota, less frequently also Anthriscus and Myrrhis. D. c. aethusae (Börner, 1950) migrates to Aethusa ad Torilis. D. c. kunzei (Börner, 1950) migrates to Pastinaca.

secondary hostplants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Aethusa cynapium; Anthriscus sylvestris; Chaerophyllum temulum; Daucus carota; Heracleum sphondylium; Myrrhis odorata; Pastinaca sativa; Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta, japonica.

The reference to Aegopodium podagraria by Buhr is probably erroneous. Barbagallo ao report observations in Italy on Chaerophyllum and Heracleum without attributing them to a specific subspecies.

synonyms

Jezabura, Yezabura crataegi.

The subspecies D. c. aegopodii (Börner, 1950) and D. c. anthrisci (Börner, 1950) are synonymous with the typical form.

references

Abras, Fassotte, Chandelier & Cavelier (2008a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dietrich (2016a), Ecott (2012a), Flügel (2016a), Heie (1992a), Hellrigl (2004a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon & Schneider (2004a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Petrović (1998a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998b), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a).

mod 1.x.2018