Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elatobium abietinum

Elatobium abietinum (Walker, 1849)

green spruce aphid

on Picea, etc.

Elatobium abietinum on Abies alba

Abies alba, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints.

Elatobium abietinum on Picea abies

Picea abies, Germany, Saarland, Bexbach, 250 m, 27.iv.2022 © Volker Fäßler

Elatobium abietinum on Picea abies



De aphids sit in small groups on the older needles. De needles turn yellow and drop prematurely. Especially in the sitka spruce this may lead to serious defoliation. The aphids don’t have a cover of wax-wool. No host plant alternation, not ant-attended.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba, cephalonica, homolepis, lasiocarpa, nordmanniana; Larix decidua; Picea abies, engelmannii, glauca, glehnii, jezoensis, mariana, omorika, orientalis, pungens, schrenkiana subsp. tianschanica, sitchensis; Pinus sibirica; Pseudotsuga menziesii.

Picea species are the most important hostplants by far, much more important than Abies; the occurrence on other genera must be interpreted as xenophagy.


Liosomaphis abietina.


Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Heie (1992a), Hellrigl (2004a), Influential Points (2022), Kollár (2007a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Piron (2017a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

Last modified 30.iv.2022