Hyperomyzus lactucae (Linnaeus, 1758)

blackcurrant-sowthistle aphid

on Ribes, primary host plant

Hyperomyzus lactucae galls

Ribes nigrum, Bierum © Arnold Grosscurt

primary host plants

Grossulariaceae, monophagous

Ribes nigrum.

Rarely also other Ribes species, like Ribes rubrum.


on Asteraceae, Cichorieae, secondary host plants

Hyperomyzus lactucae: aptera on Sonchus asper

Hyperomyzus lactucae, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

aphids high on the stems and in the inflorescences. They are 2-3 mm long, green, antennae about as long as the body, siphunculi swollen.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Sonchus aquatilis, arvensis, asper & subsp. glaucescens, bulbosus, congestus, oleraceus, palustris, radicatus, tenerrimus, tuberifer.

Less often Anacyclus clavatus; Carduus; Cichorium intybus; Crepis triasii, vesicaria & subsp. taraxacifolia; Cynara cardunculus; Lactuca sativa, serriola; Reichardia picroides; Rhagadiolus stellatus; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Picris hieracioides; Taraxacum; Tragopogon porrifolius.

Even other families Galium; Foeniculum vulgare; Prasium majus.

notes

during warm winters, and in warmer regions always, the aphids remain permanently on their secondary hostplants.

synonyms

Aphis, Rhopalosiphum, lactucae Kaltenbach, 1843; Hyperomyzella erratica (Koch, 1854).

references

Aguirre-Segura, Pascual & Cueto (1993a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Börner & Franz (1956a), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Heie (1994a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1909a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Meliá Masiá (1986a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a, 1983a), Nieto Nafría, Muñoz Martínez & Mier Durante (1987a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Pita & Ilharco (2004b), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Seco & Mier (1986a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998b), Tambs-Lyche (1970a), Tomasi (2014a), Weis (1955a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 31.i.2019