Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas, 1878)

potato aphid

polyphagous on herbs

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: aptera on Dianthus barbatus

Dianthus barbatus, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: aptera on  Buddleja spec.

Buddleja spec., UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: apterae on Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Jambes © Stéphane Claerebout

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: aptera

Urtica dioica, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

parasite

Apterae slender, 1-4 mm long, with long antennae, cauda, siphunculi. The colour is green, less often pink. At the underside of the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous

Acacia nilotica; Acanthus mollis; Acer tataricum; Ailanthus altissima; Alliaria petiolata; Amaranthus; Anacyclus clavatus; Anchusa azurea; Andryala pinnatifida; Annona cherimola; Antirrhinum barrelieri; Aquilegia; Arabidopsis thaliana; Argyranthemum foeniculaceum; Artemisia herba-alba; Arundo donax; Astilbe grandis; Beta vulgaris; Brassica napus; Buddleja; Bufonia macropetala; Calystegia sepium; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Capsicum annuum; Cardaria draba; Campsis x tagliabuana; Chenopodium album; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cistus albidus; Citrullus colocynthis; Citrus medica; Clematis recta; Convolvulus althaeoides, arvensis; Coreopsis; Cucurbita maxima, pepo; Cynara cardunculus; Dahlia; Dianthus barbatus, caryophyllus; Doronicum orientale; Emex spinosa; Eranthis hyemalis; Erigeron annuus; Erodium cicutarium; Erophila verna; Escallonia × rigida; Euphorbia cyparissias,lathyris, regis-jubae, segetalis; Forsythia suspensa; Fragaria vesca; Fumaria capreolata, muralis; Galega officinalis; Galeopsis tetrahit; Galium aparine; Heracleum sphondylium; Hydrangea macrophylla; Ipomoea purpurea; Kleinia neriifolia; Lactuca sativa, serriola; Lathyrus sativus; Launaea; Lens culinaris; Lepidium campestre; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malva acerifolia, neglecta; Matricaria chamomilla; Mentha x piperita; Mesembryanthemum crystallinum; Nicotiana tabacum; Onopordum acanthium; Origanum majorana; Oxalis debilis, pes-caprae; Papaver orientale, rhoeas, setigerum, somniferum; Peganum harmala; Petunia x atkinsiana; Pisum sativum; Plantago albicans; Populus alba; Potentilla norvegica; Pterocephalus lasiospermus; Pulsatilla; Rapistrum rugosum; Pyrus communis; Reichardia intermedia; Ricinus communis; Rorippa sylvestris; Rosa canina; Rosmarinus officinalis; Rumex; Sanguisorba minor; Senecio vulgaris; Sisymbrium officinale, orientale; Solanum dulcamara, melongena, nigrum, tuberosum; Sonchus acaulis, maritimus, oleraceus, tenerrimus; Spiraea x bumalda; Stellaria media; Symphoricarpos albus; Tamarix canariensis; Thalictrum; Trachelium caeruleum; Tulipa gesneriana; Urospermum dalechampii; Urtica dioica; Vicia faba; Vinca difformis;Volutaria lippii; Zygophyllum fabago.

synonyms

Macrosiphum solanifolii Ashmead, 1882.

notes

Originally a North American species, presently almost cosmopolitan. Alternates between Rosa and herbs in America, but elsewhere host alternation has been abandoned and hibernation is as vivipara.

references

Aguirre-Segura, Pascual & Cueto (1993a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Barbagallo & Pollini (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Buga & Stekolshchikov (2012a), Dransfield & Brightwell (2015a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), González Funes & Michelena Saval (1988b), Hałaj & Osiadacz (2015a), heie (1994a), Influential Points (2017), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1983a), Mier Durante, Seco Fernández & Nieto Nafría (1989a), Mifsud, Mangion, Azzopardi ao (2011a), Miller & Stoetzel (1997a), Nieto Nafría (1976a), Nieto Nafría & de Benito Dorrego (1976a), Nieto Nafría, Carnero Hernández & Mier Durante (1977a), Nieto Nafría, Latteur, Mier Durante ao (1999a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1982a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Petrović (1998a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Soika & Łabanowski (0000a), Stekolshchikov & Novgorodova (2013a), Wilkaniec & Piekarska-Boniecka (2008a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 31.i.2019