Smiela fusca Mordvilko, 1948

on Armoracia, Berteroa

parasite

Apterae 1-2 mm, grey-brown, wax-powdered; siphunculi dark, broad, volcano-shaped. In the inflorescence, deforming leaves and flower buds

host plants

Brassicaceae, oligophagous

Armoracia rusticana; Berteroa incana.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Blackman & Eastop (2019), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoลก ao (2016a).

mod 28.i.2019