Calaphis betulicola (Kaltenbach, 1843)

black-tipped dark-veined birch aphid

on Betula

Calaphis betulicola on Betula nana

Betula nana, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

Calaphis betulicola apterae on Betula spec.

Betula spec.,landgoed Tongeren © Hans Jonkman

gall

aphids, mainly on the underside of leaves of seedlings and small trees, may cause some malformations of seedlings and small trees. Not attended by ants. The apterae have long antenna, the apices of antennal segments, feet parts and siphunculi are darkened.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula nana, pendula, pubescens.

synonyms

Kallistaphis betulicola.

references

Blackman & Eastop (2016), Börner & Franz (1956a), Börner & Heinze (1957a), Buhr (1964b), Danielsson (1974a), Dransfield & Brightwell (2015a), Heie (1982a), Holman (1996a), Influential Points (2016), Lampel & Meier (2003a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1981a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1998a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Stroyan (1977a), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1984a), Weis (1955a), Wieczorek & Kanturski (2011a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 15.i.2019