Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Baizongia pistaciae

Baizongia pistaciae (Linnaeus, 1967)

on Pistacia, primary host plant

Baizongia pistaciae: gall

gall (from Houard, 1909a)

Baizongia pistaciae gall

Pistacia terebinthus, France, La Ciotat © Hélène Dumas

Baizongia pistaciae: old galls on Pistacia terebinthus

Pistacia terebinthus, Spanje, Huesca, Nueno, 21.x.2018 © Cor Zonneveld: old galls


leaflet modified into a “horn” of sometimes over 20 cm long.

host plants

Anacardiaceae, narrowly monophagous

Pistacia terebinthus & subsp. palaestina.

According to Houard also P. atlantica, lentiscus, vera.

on Poaceae, secondary host plants


aphids at the roots of grasses, invariably ants-attended.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Agrostis; Avena sterilis; Corynephorus canescens; Dactylis; Festuca; Poa; Triticum aestivum.


Pemphigus cornicularius Passerini, 1856.


See Alophia combustella.


Further northwards in Europe the species lives permanently on grass roots, in ant-attended colonies.


Albrecht (1992a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Béguinot (2003a), Bellman (2012a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Heie (1980a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1909a), Inbar, Wink & Wool (2004a), Krzywiec (1982a), Mifsud, Pérez Hidalgo & Barbagallo (2009a), Nieto Nafría & de Benito Dorrego (1976a), Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1981a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, Binazzi & Pérez Hidalgo (2002a), Nieves Aldrey (1998a),Petrović (1998a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Roberti (1983a), Salas-Remón, Llimona, Lozano ao (2015a), Suay Cano & González Funes (1998c), Tomasi (2014a), Wool (1997a, 2011a), Wool & Kurzfeld-Zexer (2008a).

Last modified 3.i.2020