Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pachypappella lactea

Pachypappella lactea (Tullgren, 1909)

on Populus, primary host plant


the leaf is folded downwards along the midrib and turns bright red or orange. The aphids, thus proteced, at the underside of the leaf. The galled leaf often at the base of a shoot, while the higher, ungalled, leaves turn yellow or red as well.

primary hostplants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Populus tremula.


on Picea, secondary host plant


Apterae 0.5-3 mm, pale, on thin mycorrhizal root ends. Some populations live permanently on the secondary host plant. Not attended by ants.


Pinaceae, monophagous

Picea abies, sitchensis.


Albrecht (2015a, 2017a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Carter & Danielsson (1993a), Danielsson (1974a), Heie (1980a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a).

Last modified 11.ix.2017