Cinara confinis (Koch, 1856)

black-stem aphid

on Abies, (Cedrus)

Abies amabilis, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

Aphids in spring on the stem, branches and twigs in rather small colonies; in thee summer mainly on the roots.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba, amabilis, balsamea, cephalonica, cilicica, concolor, grandis, holophylla, lasiocarpa, nordmanniana, pindrow, pinsapo, procera, sibirica; Cedrus.

On cedar mainly in urban areas.

synonyms

Todolachnus abieticola (Cholodkovsky, 1899).

references

Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Börner & Franz (1956a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (2011a), Franquinho Aguiar, Ilharco, Khadem & Moreira (2013a), Heie (1994a), Influential Points (2017), Lampel & Burgener (1966a), Lampel & Meier (2003a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, Binazzi & Pérez Hidalgo (2002a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1984a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 1.ii.2019