Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cinara pruinosa

Cinara pruinosa (Hartig, 1841)

wax-bordered spruce aphid

on Picea

Cinara pruinosa: aptera on Picea sitchensis

Picea sitchensis, UK © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

Colonies at the underside of thick branches; later in the summer also at the base of the stem and on the roots. Generally attended by ants.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Picea abies, glauca, orientalis, pungens, schrenkiana subsp. tianschanica, sitchensis.

synonyms

Cinaropsis pruinosa.

references

Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Basky (2015b), Blackman & Eastop, Börner & Franz (1956a), Heie (1995a), Influential Points, Lampel & Burgener (1966a), Lampel & Meier (2003a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, Binazzi & Pérez Hidalgo (2002a), Tambs-Lyche & Heie (1984a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

Last modified 30.i.2019