Mindarus abietinus Koch, 1857

balsam twig-aphid

on Abies

Mindarus abietinus: damage to Abies balsamea

Abies balsamea, United States © Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

Abies balsamea: aptera

Abies sp., England © Bob Dransfield & Bob Brightwell, InfluentialPoints

gall

The needles at the top of a shoot are somewhat shortened, curved, and pale. The shoot may become curved or even die off. Between the needles pale green aphids in both white fluffy wax and longer wax filaments.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba, balsamea, cephalonica, concolor, grandis, homolepis, lasiocarpa, nordmanniana, pindrow, pinsapo, procera, sibirica; Pseudotsuga menziesii.

references

Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Barbagallo & Massimino Cocuzza (2014a), Béguinot (2006b, 2007b), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Börner & Franz (1956a), Börner & Heinze (1957a), Buhr (1964b), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Durak, Durak & Borowiak-Sobkowiak (0000a, 2011a), Heie (1980a), Hellrigl (2004a), Houard (1908a), Lampel & Meier (2003a), Masłowski, Ledwoń, Wyglenda ao (2017a), Mier Durante & Nieto Nafría (1997a, Nieto Nafría & Mier Durante (1998a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Pérez Hidalgo, Martínez Peláez & Nieto Nafría (2001a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2003a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

mod 1.ii.2019