Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coccus hesperidum

Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus, 1758

brown soft scale

highly polyphagous, but not on grasses

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy, 20.iv.2018 © László Érsek

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

infested leaf, underside

Coccus hesperidum female

two females

Coccus hesperidum female

female; the eyes are well visible

Coccus hesperidum female

female, upturned; the feet (present) are not well recognisable, but the long antennae are

Coccus hesperidum scales on Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 29.xi.2016 © László Érsek. The scales produce large amounts of honeydew, on which sooty moulds quickly establish.

host plants

Abies concolor, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani; Acacia acinacea; Aralia; Cedrus atlantica, libani; Cephalotaxus harringtonii; Chamaerops humilisl Cirsium arvense; Citrus aurantium, limon, reticulata, sinensis; Cycas revoluta; Eriobotrya japonica; Ficus benjamina, microcarpa; Hedera helix; Ilex aquifolium; Iris unguiculata subsp. cretensis; Laurus nobilis; Lavandula angustifolia; Lonicera; Mentha; Myoporum pictum; Nerium oleander; Phlox paniculata; Pinus pinaster, pinea; Prunus laurocerasus; Quercus ilex; Rhamnus alaternus, lycioides subsp. oleoides; Schinus terebinthifolia; Taxus baccata; Thuja plicata; Weigela floribunda.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

synonyms

Lecanium hesperidum.

notes

In Europe mainly a species on indoor plants and in greenhouses. But in urban situations, in particular in southern Europe often on ornamental plants.

references

Adlerz (1955a), Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Ben-Dov Y & Sánchez-García (2015a), Gertsson (2016a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1948a, 1957a, 1960a), Hellrigl (2004a, 2006b), Houard (1909a), Jansen (2009a), Japoshvili & Karaca (2002a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Łagowska, Golan, Kot ao (2015a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy & Kahrer (2011a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Masten Milek, Šimala, Pintar & Markotić (2017a), Mifsud, Falzon, Malumphy ao (2012a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), ScaleNet, Seljak (2010a), Şi̇şman & Ülgentürk (2010a), Soria, Moreno, Viñuela & del Estal (2000a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk & Toros (1999a).

Last modified 23.ii.2020