Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus, 1758

brown soft scale

highly polyphagous, but not on grasses

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy, 20.iv.2018 © László Érsek

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

infested leaf, underside

Coccus hesperidum female

two females

Coccus hesperidum female

female; the eyes are well visible

Coccus hesperidum female

female, upturned; the feet (present) are not well recognisable, but the long antennae are

Coccus hesperidum scales on Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 29.xi.2016 © László Érsek. The scales produce large amounts of honeydew, on which sooty moulds quickly establish.

parasite

xxxx

host plants

Abies concolor, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani; Acacia acinacea; Aralia; Cedrus atlantica, libani; Cephalotaxus harringtonii; Chamaerops humilisl Cirsium arvense; Citrus aurantium, limon, reticulata, sinensis; Cycas revoluta; Eriobotrya japonica; Ficus benjamina, microcarpa; Hedera helix; Ilex aquifolium; Iris unguiculata subsp. cretensis; Laurus nobilis; Lavandula angustifolia; Lonicera; Mentha; Myoporum pictum; Nerium oleander; Phlox paniculata; Pinus pinaster, pinea; Prunus laurocerasus; Quercus ilex; Rhamnus alaternus, lycioides subsp. oleoides; Schinus terebinthifolia; Taxus baccata; Thuja plicata; Weigela floribunda.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

synonyms

Lecanium hesperidum.

notes

In Europe mainly a species on indoor plants and in greenhouses. But in urban situations, in particular in southern Europe often on ornamental plants.

references

Adlerz (1955a), Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Ben-Dov Y & Sánchez-García (2015a), Gertsson (2016a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1948a, 1957a, 1960a), Hellrigl (2004a, 2006b), Houard (1909a), Jansen (2009a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Łagowska, Golan, Kot ao (2015a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy & Kahrer (2011a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Masten Milek, Šimala, Pintar & Markotić (2017a), Mifsud, Falzon, Malumphy ao (2012a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), ScaleNet, Seljak (2010a), Şi̇şman & Ülgentürk (2010a), Soria, Moreno, Viñuela & del Estal (2000a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk & Toros (1999a).

mod 19.ii.2019