Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coccus hesperidum

Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus, 1758

brown soft scale

highly polyphagous, but not on grasses

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy, 20.iv.2018 © László Érsek

Coccus hesperidum scales on Nerium oleander

infested leaf, underside

Coccus hesperidum female

two females

Coccus hesperidum female

female; the eyes are well visible

Coccus hesperidum female

female, upturned; the feet (present) are not well recognisable, but the long antennae are

Coccus hesperidum scales on Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 29.xi.2016 © László Érsek. The scales produce large amounts of honeydew, on which sooty moulds quickly establish.

host plants

Abies concolor, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani; Acacia acinacea, cyclops, saligna; Acer pseudoplatanus; Agave americana; Albizia; Aloe ciliaris; Anthurium; Antirrhinum; Aralia; Argyranthemum frutescens; Asparagus; Asplenium nidus; Begonia; Berberis; Broussonetia papyrifera; Buxus sempervirens; Calla; Callistemon; Camellia sinensis; Campanula; Canna indica; Carica papaya; Castanea sativa; Cedrus atlantica, deodara, libani; Cephalotaxus harringtonii; Ceratonia siliqua; Cercis siliquastrum; Chamaerops humilis; Chlorophytum comosum; Chrysanthemum indicum; Choisya ternata; Cirsium arvense; Citrus aurantium, limon, medica, paradisi, reticulata, sinensis; Clematis; Clivia; Cocos nucifera; Cotoneaster horizontalis; Crataegus monogyna; Cycas revoluta; Cydonia oblonga; Cyperus involucratus; Cytisus filipes; Dianthus barbatus, caryophylus; Dieffenbachia; Echinocactus; Elaeagnus angustigolia, x submacrophylla; Ensete ventricosa; Eriobotrya japonica; Euonymus japonicus; Euphorbia pulcherrima; Fatshedera lizei; Fatsia japonica; Ficus benjamina, carica. elastica, lyrata, microcarpa, sycomorus; Fraxinus; Gardenia; Gazania rigens; Hedera canariensis, helix; Hedychium coronarium; Hippeastrum; Ilex aquifolium; Impatiens; Ipomoea tricolor; Iresine herbstii; Iris unguiculata subsp. cretensis; Jasminum fruticans, officinale; Lagerstroemia indica; Laurus nobilis; Lavandula angustifolia; Lilium; Lonicera caprifolium; Lycium; Maclura; Magnolia grandiflora; Mahonia; Mangifera indica; Mentha; Micromeria teneriffae; Monstera deliciosa; Morus alba; Myoporum pictum; Myrtus communis; Nephrolepis exaltata; Nerium oleander; Olea europaea; Pelargonium grandiflorum; Peperomia; Persea americana; Philodendron; Phoenix dactylifera; Phlox paniculata; Phytolacca dioica; Picea orientalis; Pilea cadierei; Pinus brutia, helepensis, pinaster, pinea, sylvestris; Pistacia atlantica; Plectranthus; Primula; Prunus armeniaca, laurocerasus, persica; Pyracantha coccinea; Quercus ilex; Rhamnus alaternus, lycioides subsp. oleoides; Ricinus; Robinia; Rosa; Saintpaulia ionantha; Schefflera actinophylla, elegantissima; Schinus terebinthifolia; Spartium junceum; Strelitzia reginae; Taxus baccata; Thuja plicata; Tilia; Viburnum tinus; Vinca major; Viscum album; Vitis; Washingtonia robusta; Weigela floribunda; Yucca filamentosa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

synonyms

Lecanium hesperidum.

notes

In Europe mainly a species on indoor plants and in greenhouses. But in urban situations, in particular in southern Europe often on ornamental plants.

references

Adlerz (1955a), Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Ben-Dov Y & Sánchez-García (2015a), Boertjes, Fransen & Marissen (2003a), Carnero Hernandez & Perez Guerra (1986a), Cebeci̇ & Selmi̇ (2004a), Compton, Stavrinides, Kaponas & Thomas (2020a), Gertsson (2016a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1948a, 1957a, 1960a), Hellrigl (2004a, 2006b), Houard (1909a), Jansen (2009a), Japoshvili & Karaca (2002a), Kaydan, Ülgentürk & Erkiliç (2013a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Kozár, Konczné Benedicty, Fetykó, ao (2013a), Kozár, Paloukis & Papadopoulos (1991a), Lagowska (1999a), Łagowska, Golan, Kot ao (2015a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy & Badmin (2012a), Malumphy & Kahrer (2011a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Masten Milek, Šimala, Pintar & Markotić (2017a), Mazzeo, Suma & Russo (0000a), Mifsud, Falzon, Malumphy ao (2012a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), O’Connor, Gertsson & Malumphy (2013a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), ScaleNet, Seljak (2010a), Şi̇şman & Ülgentürk (2010a), Soria, Moreno, Viñuela & del Estal (2000a), Szita, Fetykó, Konczné Benedicty, ao (2017a), Trencheva, Trenchev, Tomov, ao (2012a), Ülgentürk (2001a), Ülgentürk & Dokuyucu (2019a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk, Kaydan & Şi̇şman Hocali̇ (2015a), Ülgentürk, Şahi̇n, Ayhan, ao (2012b), Ülgentürk & Toros (1999a).

Last modified 31.i.2024