Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Saissetia oleae

Saissetia oleae (Olivier, 1791)

black scale

polyphagous

Saissetia oleae on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, France, Paris, Seine, 5.ix.2021 © Pierre Duhem

Saissetia oleae on Nerium oleander

detail

Saissetia oleae on Nerium oleander

less often also on the leaves

Saissetia oleae: female scale

female scale © Raymond Gill, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Bugwood.org

parasite

Female scales 2-6 mm, convex, dark brown to blackish, with a characteristic ornamentation; on the branches.

host plants

Abutilon; Adiantum; Agave americana; Arbutus unedo; Argyranthemum frutescens; Artemisia; Arundo donax; Asplenium; Atriplex halimus; Ballota hispanica; Bougainvillea glabra; Castanea sativa; Casuarina; Celtis australis; Chlorophytum comosum; Cistus; Citrus aurantium, limon, maxima, reticulata, sinensis; Convolvulus floridus; Crataegus monogyna; Cycas revoluta; Cydonia oblonga; Dittrichia viscosa; Erica arborea; Eriobotrya japonica; Euonymus japonicus; Ficus carica, microcarpa; Galactites tomentosus; Gleditsia; Hedera; Hibiscus; Howea forsteriana; Ilex canariensis, perado subsp. platyphylla; Isoplexis canariensis; Juglans regia; Kalanchoe blossfeldiana; Laurus nobilis; Ligustrum; Lotus berthelotii; Malva sylvestris, thuringiaca; Mangifera indica; Melia azedarach; Mespilus germanica; Muehlenbeckia platyclados; Musa; Myrtus communis; Nephrolepis exaltata; Nerium oleander; Olea europaea; Persea americana; Phillyrea latifolia; Pistacia lentiscus, terebinthus, vera; Pittosporum; Platanus orientalis; Populus; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, dulcis, persica, ramburii, salicina, spinosa; Punica granatum; Pyrus communis, elaeagrifolia; Retama sphaerocarpa; Rhamnus crenulata, lycioides subsp. oleoides; Ricinus communis; Rosa; Rosmarinus officinalis; Salix; Schinus molle; Solanum laxum, linnaeanum, nigrum; Sorbus aucuparia; Syringa vulgaris, Tamarix gallica; Tanacetum coccineum; Viburnum; Vinca major; Vitis vinifera.

phenology

One to three generations, depending on the climate.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Coccus oleae.

notes

One of the main pests of olive.

references

Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Athanasíou & Zárpas (0000a), Boertjes, Fransen & Marissen (2003a), Bolu (2021a), Carnero Hernandez & Perez Guerra (1986a), Cebeci̇ & Selmi̇ (2004a), Compton, Stavrinides, Kaponas & Thomas (2020a), Elenis (2007a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1948a, 1957a, 1960a, 1965a), Haber & Mifsud (2007a), Hellrigl (2004a), Kaydan, Ülgentürk & Erkiliç (2013a), Kozár, Paloukis & Papadopoulos (1991a), Łagowska, Golan, Kot ao (2015a), De Lotto (1976a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2008a), Mansour, Mkaouar, Grissa Lebdi ao (2011a), Masten Milek, Šimala & Markotić (2014a), Masten Milek, Šimala, Pintar & Markotić (2017a), Mifsud, Falzon, Malumphy ao (2012a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Seljak (2010a), Şi̇şman & Ülgentürk (2010a), Szita, Fetykó, Konczné Benedicty, ao (2017a), Trencheva, Trenchev, Tomov, ao (2012a), Ülgentürk & Dokuyucu (2019a).

Last modified 28.i.2024