Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dactylopius coccus

Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829

cochineal

on Opuntia

Dactylopius coccus

Opuntia ficus-indica, Canary Islands, Tenerife, 7.ii.2020 © Sébastien Carbonelle

Dactylopius coccus colony

Opuntia spec., Canary Islands, La Palma, Barlovento, 27.ii.2008 © Frank Vincentz

parasite

The lice are unmistakable by there deep-red hemolymphe.

host plants

Cactaceae, monophagous

Opuntia ficus-indica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

notes

South American species, since early in the 16th century in cultivation in the Canary Islands for the production of the red dye.

references

de Jesús Méndez-Gallegos, Panzavolta & Tiberi (2003a).

Last modified 24.viii.2020