Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dactylopius coccus

Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1829


on Opuntia

Dactylopius coccus

Opuntia ficus-indica, Canary Islands, Tenerife, 7.ii.2020 © Sébastien Carbonelle

Dactylopius coccus colony

Opuntia spec., Canary Islands, La Palma, Barlovento, 27.ii.2008 © Frank Vincentz


The lice are unmistakable by there deep-red hemolymphe.

host plants

Cactaceae, monophagous

Opuntia ficus-indica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


South American species, since early in the 16th century in cultivation in the Canary Islands for the production of the red dye.


de Jesús Méndez-Gallegos, Panzavolta & Tiberi (2003a).

Last modified 24.viii.2020