Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parlatoria oleae

Parlatoria oleae (Colvée, 1880)

olive scale

polyphagous on shrubs and trees

Parllatoria oleae on Olea europaea

Olea europaea © Mourad Louadfel, Homemade, Bugwood.org

Parllatoria oleae on Mahonia spec.

Mahonia spec. © United States National Collection of Scale Insects Photographs, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org; the smaller elongated scales are male tests

parasite

Scales on all parts of the plant. When a crawler attaches itself to a plant, it infects a toxic liquid that causes the plant tissue to turn dark red to almost black. This may reduce the commercial value of crops, olives in particular.

host plants

Acacia homalophylla; Acca sellowiana; Ailanthus altissima; Berberis thunbergii, veitchii, vernae; Buxus sempervirens; Catalpa bignonioides; Chaenomeles speciosa; Chlorophytum comosum; Citrus aurantium, limon, reticulata, sinensis; Cornus sanguinea; Cotoneaster dammeri, franchetii, glaucophyllus, horizontalis; Crataegus monogyna; Diospyros kaki, lotus; Elaeagnus angustifolia, pungens, umbellata; Eriobotrya japonica; Euonymus japonicus; Fraxinus excelsior; Gleditsia; Ilex aquifolium; Jasminum azoricum, officinale; Juglans regia; Juniperus; Lagerstroemia indica; Laurus nobilis; Ligustrum japonicum, ovalifolium, vulgare; Mahonia aquifolium; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Melia azedarach; Mespilus germanica; Nandina domestica; Nerium oleander; Olea europaea; Parthenocissus quinquefolia; Pinus nigra; Pistacia lentiscus, vera; Populus nigra; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, domestica, dulcis, laurocerasus, lusitanica, persica, spinosa; Pyracantha coccinea; Pyrus communis & subsp. pyraster, elaeagrifolia; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rosa x damascena; Rosmarinus officinalis; Sorbus aucuparia, domestica; Styphnolobium japonicum; Syringa vulgaris; Viburnum tinus; Vinca major; Vitis vinifera, Yucca filamentosa.

phenology

Two generations; hibernation mainly as adult female.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

references

Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Bolu (2021a), Çalişkan Keçe & Ulusoy (2017a), Carnero Hernandez & Perez Guerra (1986a), Elenis (2007a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1948a, 1957a, 1960a), Hellrigl (2004a), Japoshvili & Karaca (2002a), Kaydan, Ülgentürk & Erkiliç (2013a), Kozár, Paloukis & Papadopoulos (1991a), Mansour, Mkaouar, Grissa Lebdi ao (2011a), Masten Milek, Šimala, Pintar & Markotić (2017a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Seljak (2010a), Şi̇şman & Ülgentürk (2010a), Streito, Rossignol, Matile-Ferrero & & Germain (2014a), Tolga & Yoldaş (2019a), Trencheva, Trenchev, Tomov, ao (2012a), Ülgentürk & Dokuyucu (2019a), Yaşar (2020a).

Last modified 26.i.2024