Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lepidosaphes ulmi

Lepidosaphes ulmi (Linnaeus, 1758)

oystershell scale, mussel scale

on woody plants

Lepidosaphes ulmi: female scales

© Claude Pilon, 20007

parasite

Female scales up to 3.5 mm long.

host plants

polyphagous

Abies alba; Acacia retinodes; Acer negundo, platanoides, pseudopllatanus; Aesculus hippocastanum; Alnus; Amorpha fruticosa; Astracantha sicula; Bauhinia; Betula pendula; Buxus; Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus betulus; Catalpa bignonioides; Ceanothus; Celtis; Ceratonia siliqua; Cercis siliquastrum; Chaenomeles; Citrus aurantium, limon; Clematis vitalba; Cornus alba, capitata, mas; Corylus avellana; Cotoneaster horizontalis, lucidus; Crataegus chlorocarpa, monogyna, rhipidophylla; Cupressus; Cydonia oblonga; Cytisus scoparius, supranubius; Elaeagnus angustifolia; Erica; Euonymus japonicus; Fagus; Ficus carica; Flueggea; Fraxinus excelsior, pennsylvanica; Genista; Ginkgo biloba; Gleditsia triacanthos; Hydrangea arborescens; Ilex; Juglans regia; Ligustrum vulgare; Liquidambar orientalis; Lonicera; Malus domestica, floribunda, sylvestris; Melia azedarach; Mespilus germanica; Nerium oleander; Olea europaea; Parthenocissus quinquefolia; Pinus brutia, nigra, pinea, sylvestris; Pistacia lentiscus; Platanus orientalis; Populus alba, x canadensis, nigra, tremula; Prunus armeniaca, avium, ceraifers, cerasus, domestica, dulcis, mahaleb, padus, persica, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus pubescens, robur; Rhamnus; Rhododendron ponticum; Ribes nigrum, rubrum, uva-crispa; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rosa canina, x damascena; Rubus; Salix alba, caprea, mucronata, nigra; Sambucus; Sorbus aria, aucuparia; Spartium junceum; Symphoricarpos albus; Styrax officinalis; Syringa vulgaris; Tamarix; Tilia cordata; Ulex europaeus; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus, vitis-idaea; Vinca major; Viola; Viscum album; Vitis vinifera; Yucca filamentosa, glauca.

Preference for Rosaceae.

phenology

1-2 Generations, hibernation as egg or larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

synonyms

Lepidosaphes ulmi var. oleae Leonardi, 1908; L. tiliae (Savescu, 1955); Mytilaspis pomorum (Bouché, 1851); M. ulmi.

references

Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Bolu (2021a), Bugila (2006a), Buhr (1965a), Carnero Hernandez & Perez Guerra (1986a), Ćwierzyk & Dziedzicka (1987a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Demirözer & Karaca (2011a), Dziedzicka (1988a), Elenis (2007a), Fetykó (2014a), Gertsson (2016a), Gomez-Menor Guerrero (1967a), Gómez-Menor Ortega (1957a, 1960a, 1965a, 1967a), Hellrigl (2004a, 2006b), Hoffmann (2002a), Houard (1909a), Jansen (1999b, 2013a), Japoshvili & Karaca (2002a), Kaydan, Ülgentürk & Erkiliç (2013a), Köhler (2009b), Köhler & Eisenschmidt (2005a), Koteja & Żak-Ogaza (1966a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Kozár & Ostafichuk (1987a), Kozár, Paloukis & Papadopoulos (1991a), van de Linden (2007a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy & Badmin (2012a), Malumphy & Ostrauskas (2009a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2008a, 2010a), Mansour, Mkaouar, Grissa Lebdi ao (2011a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Masten Milek, Šimala & Markotić (2014a), Mazzeo, Nucifora, Russo ao (2016a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), O’Connor, Gertsson & Malumphy (2013a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Podsiadło (2006a), Schmutterer & Hoffmann (2003a), Seljak (2010a), Tolga & Yoldaş (2019a), Trencheva, Gounari, Trenchev & Kapaxidi (2009a), Trencheva, Trenchev, Tomov, ao (2012a), Ülgentürk & Dokuyucu (2019a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a), Yaşar (2020a), Żak-Ogaza & Koteja (1964a).

Last modified 4.v.2024