Lepidosaphes ulmi (Linnaeus, 1758)

oystershell scale, mussel scale

on trees and shrubs

Lepidosaphes ulmi: female scales

© Claude Pilon, 20007

parasite

Female scales up to 3.5 mm long.

host plants

polyphagous

Abies alba; Acer platanoides; Aesculus hippocastanum; Amorpha fruticosa; Astracantha sicula; Betula pendula; Buxus; Calluna vulgaris; Ceanothus; Ceratonia siliqua;Chaenomeles; Citrus aurantium, limon; Clematis vitalba; Cotoneaster lucidus; Crataegus monogyna; Cytisus scoparius, supranubius; Elaeagnus angustifolia; Erica; Ficus carica; Flueggea; Fraxinus excelsior; Genista; Hydrangea arborescens; Juglans regia; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera; Malus domestica, pumila, sylvestris; Olea europaea; Pinus pinea; Pistacia lentiscus; Platanus orientalis; Populus alba, nigra; Prunus avium, cerasus, domestica, dulcis; Pyrus communis; Quercus robur; Rhamnus; Ribes nigrum, rubrum; Rosa; Salix; Sorbus aucuparia; Symphoricarpos albus; Syringa vulgaris; Tilia cordata; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus, vitis-idaea; Vitis vinifera.

Preference for Rosaceae.

phenology

1-2 Generations, hibernation as egg or larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

synonyms

Lepidosaphes ulmi var. oleae Leonardi, 1908; Mytilaspis pomorum (Bouché, 1851).

references

Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Bugila (2006a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Ελένης (2007a), Fetykó (2014a), Gertsson (2016a), Gomez-Menor Guerrero (1967a), Gómez-Menor Ortega (1957a, 1960a, 1965a), Hellrigl (2004a, 2006b), Houard (1909a), Jansen (1999b), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), van de Linden (2007a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy & Ostrauskas (2009a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2008a, 2010a), Mansour, Mkaouar, Grissa Lebdi ao (2011a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Masten Milek, Šimala & Markotić (2014a), Mazzeo, Nucifora, Russo ao (2016a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Podsiadło (2006a), Schmutterer & Hoffmann (2003a), Seljak (2010a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a).

mod 18.ii.2019