Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parlatoria ziziphi

Parlatoria ziziphi (Lucas, 1853)

black parlatoria scale

on Citrus, etc.

Parlatoria zizyphi scales

© Charles Olsen, USDA APHIS PPQ,


Female scales tiny, black, oval with a transparent ovisac and anteriorly a small black disk, the exuvium of the previous, second stage. Mainly on the leaves, preferably along major veins, causing yellowed spots.

host plants

polyphagous, mainly Rutaceae

Citrus aurantium, limon, sinensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Parlatoria zizyphi.


A pest in the tropics and subtropics, originating from the Far East.


Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Bugila (2006a), Carnero Hernandez & Perez Guerra (1986a), Hellrigl (2004a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Podsiadło (2006a), Stocks (2016a).

Last modified 20.x.2021