Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Kermes echinatus

Kermes echinatus Balachowsky, 1953

on Quercus

Kermes echinatus: stages of female scales

stages of female scales. a: second instar; b: third instar; c: young adult; d: gravid; c: post-reproductive (from Spodek & Ben-Dov, 2014a)


Female scales sclerotised, hemispherical, 3-4.5 mm long, 3-5 mm wide, 2-3 mm high. Dorsum dark red with 6-9 black broken lines in irregular folds. Female scales on the branches, males at the undersides of the leaves.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex.


distribution within Europe



Pellizzari, Porcelli, Convertini & Marotta (2012a), Spodek & Ben-Dov (2012a, 2014a), Spodek, Ben-Dov & Mendel (2013a), Stathas, Kartsonas & Skouras (2013a).

Last modified 23.xii.2018