Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Kermes vermilio

Kermes vermilio (Planchon, 1864)

on Quercus

Kermes vermilio: stages of female scales

stages of female scales: a: post-reproductive female and larvae; b: young reproductive females, 3rd instar female larvae and two red first instar larvae (crawlers) (from Pelizzari ao)


Reproductive females on the thinner branches, globular, ± 5 mm, dark red or brown, with a fine wax cover.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Gomez-Menor Ortega (1960a), Hellrigl (2004a), Japoshvili & Karaca (2002a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Convertini & Marotta (2012a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Roberto, Diana, Russo ao (2016a), Spodek & Ben-Dov (2012a. 2014a), Stathas, Kartsonas & Skouras (2013a), Wermelinger & Forster (2015a).

Last modified 23.ii.2020