Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Marchalina hellenica

Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius, 1883)

on Abies, Picea, Pinus

Marchalina hellenica female

female (from Hodgson & Gounari).

parasite

The scales in bark fissures on the stems, concealed by whitish wax wool. Probably fully parthenogenetic.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies cephalonica, nordmanniana; Picea engelmannii, orientalis; Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra subsp. pallasiana, pinea, sylvestris.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation at the second larval instar.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

synonyms

Pseudococcus caricus (Gennadius, 1883).

notes

Because of its abundance and copious honey-dew production this species plays an important role in the production of “pine honey”.

references

Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Bacandritsos (2002a, 2004a), Bacandritsos, Saitanis & Papanastasiou (2004a), Hodgson & Gounari (2006a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a).

Last modified 26.ii.2020