Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Marchalina hellenica

Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius, 1883)

on Abies, Picea, Pinus

Marchalina hellenica female

female (from Hodgson & Gounari).


The scales in bark fissures on the stems, concealed by whitish wax wool. Probably fully parthenogenetic.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies cephalonica, nordmanniana; Picea engelmannii, orientalis; Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinea, sylvestris.


Univoltine; hibernation at the second larval instar.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).


Pseudococcus caricus (Gennadius, 1883).


Because of its abundance and copious honey-dew production this species plays an important role in the production of “pine honey”.


Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Bacandritsos (2002a, 2004a), Bacandritsos, Saitanis & Papanastasiou (2004a), Hatjina & Bouga (2009a), Hodgson & Gounari (2006a), Pellizzari, Porcelli, Seljak & Kozár (2011a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk, Evren, Ayhan ao (2012a).

Last modified 2.x.2020