Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sacchiphantes viridis

Sacchiphantes viridis (Ratzeburg, 1843)

on Picea, primary host plant

Sacchiphantes viridis: gall on Picea abies

Picea abies, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon, © Stéphane Claerebout

Sacchiphantes viridis: gall on Picea abies

yawning gall

Sacchiphantes viridis: opened gall on Picea abies

gall chamber with larvae

Sacchiphantes viridis larva


Sacchiphantes viridis: gall  on Picea abies

Picea abies, Germany, Bavaria, Schwangau © Arnold Grosscurt, late June

Sachiphantes viridis: old galls on Picea ables

Picea abies, Austria, Gargellen, Montafon © Arnold Grosscurt: in this species the shoot generally does not continue after the terminal bud had been galled.


Gall like the ones of S. abietis, but generally solitary.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Picea abies, engelmannii, glauca, koraiensis, mariana, obovata, omorika, orientalis, pungens, sitchensis, smithiana.

on Larix, secondary host plant


The needles are sharply bent, locally thickened a yellowed. The aphids on the needles, pale to dark green, with little wax, only a light dusting. Not attended by ants.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Larix decidua, x eurolepis, kaempferi, sibirica


Adelges viridis.


Eupithecia analoga.


Apart from its host alternation, the main difference with the related S abietis is that the galls of viridis ripen in June, July, those of abietis in August, September.


Albrecht (2017a), Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (196ra), Burton, Ellis & Schneider (2022a), Carter (197a), Covassi & Binazzi (1981a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hellrigl (2004a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lampel (1988a), Lampel & Meier (2003a), Müller & Horatschek (1980a), Osiadacz & Wojciechowski (2008a), Redfern & Shirley (2009a), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a), Roskam (2009a), Steffan (1962a), Sylvén (1960a), Tomasi (2003a), Weis (1955a), Wojciechowski, Depa, Halgoš ao (2016a).

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