Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Psyllopsis fraxini

Psyllopsis fraxini (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Fraxinus

Psyllopsis cf fraxini: gall on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy, © László Érsek

Psyllopsis cf fraxini: gall on Fraxinus excelsior

the larvae produce much wolly wax

Psyllopsis cf fraxini: gall on Fraxinus excelsior

section through the gall

Psyllopsis cf fraxini: larva


Psyllopsis cf fraxini: larva


Psyllopsis cf fraxini: imago

imago, ± lateral

Psyllopsis cf fraxini: imago


Psyllopsis cf fraxini:  predatory syrphid larva

in the gall also a predating syrphid larva was present

Psyllopsis fraxini

Fraxinus excelsior, Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt

Psyllopsis fraxini: gall on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, Lienden, Mars, 2013 © Leo Blommers


Psyllopsis fraxini gall larva

Fraxinus excelsior, Duin en Kruidberg, 30.vii.2006: young larva, with white wax excretions

Psyllopsis fraxini gall

Fraxinus excelsior, Belgium, prov. Liège, Flémalle-Haute, © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Psyllopsis fraxini

older larve, with well-developed pigmentation


Oviposition on a terminal leaf bud; two generations, both causing leaf galls; hibernation as egg on the bark of the host plant. The larvae are dark.

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Fraxinus americana, angustifolia & subsp. oxycarpa, excelsior, mandshurica, ornus, pennsylvanica.


P. fraxini is, at least in northwestern Europe, the commonest of a group of species that all cause identical galls on ash. For an identification of these Psyllopsis species a microscopical examination of the larvae or the male genitalia is required.


Abras, Fassotte, Chandelier & Cavelier (2008a), Baugnée, Burckhardt & Fassotte (2002a), Béguinot (2001c, 2002a,d,h, 2003a, 2005a, 2006c, 2007a,b, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), den Bieman, Malenovský, Burckhardt & Heijerman (2019a), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Braggion (2013a), Buhr (1964b), Burckhardt (1983a, 2002a), Burckhardt & Freuler (2000a), Chinery (2011a), Cogolludo (1921a), Conci, Rapisarda & Tamanini (1992a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Flügel (2016a), Hellrigl (2004a), Hodkinson (2009a), Hodkinson & White (1979a), Houard (1909a), Jerinić-Prodanović (2010a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon & Schneider (2004a)m Lauterer & Dorow (2010a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenkovský & Lauterer (2012a), O’Connor & Malumphy (2011a), Ossiannilsson (1992a), Ouvrard, Burckhardt & Cocquempot (2015a), Rapisarda, Weigand, Braun & Eickermann (2022a), Redfern & Shirley, 2002a). Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Roskam (2009a), Sampò (1975a), Seljak (2006a, 2020a), Stănescu (2009a), Sylvén (1960a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a, 2014a), White & Hodkinson (1982a).

Last modified 15.xii.2023