Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Torymus azureus

Torymus azureus Boheman, 1834

on Pinus

parasite

Parasitoid of Kaltenbachiola strobi; Plemeliella abietina in the cones.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Picea; Pinus.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2022).

references

de Vere Graham & Gijswijt (1998a) .

Last modified 29.iv.2022