Andricus curvator Hartig, 1840

on Quercus, agamous generation

Andricus curvator: agamous generation gall on Quercus robur

Quercus robur, België, prov. Antwerpen, Mol © Carina Van Steenwinkel

The parthenogenetic generation forms 2-3 mm large bud galls on young shoots in August-September, that fall to the ground before winter. The galls, sometimes two together, are almost completely hidden by the bud scales. They are smooth, shining, obpyriform with a somewhat acute tip; just below the tip the colour of the wall often forms a light-coloured ring.



Quercus canariensis, faginea, x hispanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur.

on Quercus, sexual generation

Andricus curvator FM gall

gall (from Eady & Quinlan, 1963a)

Andricus curvator FM gall on Quercus robur

Quercus robur, Spain, Santiago de Compostella © César González-Pérez

Andricus curvator: gall on Quercus robur

Quercus robur, Zeewolde, Harderbos © Hans Jonkman

Andricus curvator gall

Quercus robur Castricum: young gall (mid May),

Andricus curvator, opnend gall

opened gall, with inner gal


Malformation of a leaf, petiole of the apex of a still green shoot, up to a cm in size, light green to pale brown. Inside a relatively large gall chamber a globular inner gall, attached to its bottom. The gall is mature in end July.



Quercus canariensis, faginea, x haynaldiana, x hispanica, infectoria, ithaburensis, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur.


Andricus collaris Hartig, 1840; Andricus curvator var. lusitanica Kieffer, 1901.


Synergus gallaepomiformis, pallipes.


Béguinot (2001c, 2002f,g, 2003a, 2006a, 2007b, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Cerasa (2015a), Chinery (2011a), Cogolludo (1921a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dietrich (2016a), Eady & Quinlan (1963a), Hellrigl (2009a, 2010a, 2012a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1908a), Katılmış & Kıyak (2008a), Kemal & Koçak (2010a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Koops (2013a), Kwast (2012a, 2014a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon, Schneider & Chevin (2003a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Marković (2014a, 2015a), Melika (2006a), Melika, Csóka & Pujade-Villar (2000a), Nieves-Aldrey (1983a, 2001a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Shachar, Melika, Inbar & Dorchin (2018a), Tomasi (2003a), Williams (2010a).

mod 25.xi.2018