Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aulacidea follioti

Aulacidea follioti Barbotin, 1972

Hymenoptera, Cynipidae

on Sonchus

Aulacidea follioti: gall on Sonchus asper

Sonchus asper, Belgium, prov. Liège, Blegny © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Aulacidea follioti: gall on Sonchus asper

opened gall

Aulacidea follioti: larva in its gall

larva: : the weak mouthparts are characteristic for a cynipid


Weak swellings, up to 8 mm thick, of the stem, preferably high in the plant. The gall contains some gall chambers with a diameter of 3 mm, that are more or less coalescing. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the gall.


Asteraceae, narrowly monophagous

Sonchus asper.


the larva is described by Gómez Sanchez (2008a).


Bowdrey (2009a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gómez Sanchez (2008a), Nieves-Aldrey (2001a, 2004a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a).


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