Liposthenes glechomae (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Glechoma

Liposthenes glechomae gall

Glechoma hederacea, Belgium, prov. Liège, Bernalmont; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Liposthenes glechomae: gall on Glechoma hederacea

Glechoma hederacea, Roggebotzand (Flevoland) © Hans Jonkman

Liposthenes glechomae: gall on Glechoma hederacea

same gall

Liposthenes glechomae gall

Glechoma hederacea, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Marais de Louftémont-Vlessart, © Jean-Yves Baugnée: young galls

Glechoma hederacea, Castricum; the hairs of the gall are multicellular; larva

larva in the gall

Liposthenes glechomae: gall on Glechoma hederacea

Glechoma hederacea, Eerbeek, Coldenhove, 13.vi.2014 © Arnold Grosscurt: The parenchyma around the gall chamber is not homogenous; in this (older?) gall it has been transformed in a number of strands between wall and gall chamber

Liposthenes glechomae: gall on Glechoma hederacea

gall chamber with larva

gall

Univoltine; hibernation and pupation in the gall.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Glechoma hederacea, hirsuta.

synonyms

Aulax glechomae; Aulax, Liposthenes, latreillei Kieffer, 1898.

notes

Extremely numerous in some years, in other years hard to find (Bellmann, 2012a).

references

Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964a), Chinery (2011a) Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Eady & Quinlan (1963a), Flügel (2016a), Groom (2011a), Hellrigl (2009a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Kwast (2014a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Chevin (2003a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Nieves-Aldrey (1994a), Melika (2006a), O’Connor (2005b), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a), Viernes-Aldrey (2001a).

mod 28.ix.2019