Phanacis centaureae Förster, 1860

on Centaurea

gall

In the pith of hardly modified stems lie a number of hard-walled, elliptic gall chambers, c. 1 x 5 mm, each with one larva. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the gall.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Centaurea aspera, diffusa, jacea & subsp. weldeniana, nigra, ornata, phrygia subsp. stenolepis, pseudomaculosa, scabiosa, solstitialis, stoebe & subsp. australis, virgata subsp. squarrosa.

references

Bowdrey (2009a), Buhr (1964a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (197a), Eady & Quinlan (1963a), Hellrigl (2009a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1909a), Melika (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (1994a, 2001a, 2008a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a).

mod 7.iii.2019