Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synergus variabilis

Synergus variabilis Mayr, 1873

on Quercus


Inquiline, mostly of cynipids of the genera Andricus, Aphelonyx, Dryocosmus, and Pseudoneuroterus, less often also of the cecidomyiids Dryomyia circinnans and Janetia cerris.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, ithaburensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Ceresa (2015a), Cerasa, lo Verde, Caleca & Massa (2015a), Melika (2006a), Roskam (2019a), Shachar, Melika, Inbar & Dorchin (2018a), Wachi, Ide & Abe (2011a).

Last modified 30.xi.2020