Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Andricus conificus

Andricus conificus (Hartig, 1843)

on Quercus, agamous generation

Andricus conificus gall

gall (from Houard, 1908a)

Andricus conificus on Quercus spec

Quercus spec., Corsica, Vivario, 12.vi.2022 © Zoé Tourrain

Andricus conificus on Quercus spec

the fresh gall is somewhat sticky

Andricus conificus on Quercus spec.

old galls

gall

Galling of an adventive bud on the stem or a thicker branch. The gall is cone-shaped, about 1 cm high and wide, whitish with a reddish or violet reticulate colouration. In the base one wide gall chamber with a single larve; pupation in the ground.

hostplants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus frainetto, petraea, pubescens, robur.


on Quercus, sexuele generation

Andricus cydoniae: gall on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris, gall (from Houard, 1908a)

gall

Downy hairy, green (ultimately brown and woody), more or less semi-globular gall of about 1.5 cm long at the end of a branch. From the gall sometimes some more or less normal leaves may sprout. The gall consists of a fleshy thick-walled cup, sometimes more a globe with a wide open top, in which a large number of oval gall-chambers is embedded, each with one solitary larva that pupates within the gall.

hostplants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris.

synonyms

Andricus cydoniae Giraud, 1859; Cynips conifica; Andricus longispinae Kieffer, 1901.

inquilines

Synergus gallaepomiformis.

parasitoids, predators

Eurytoma brunniventris; Ormyrus pomaceus.

notes

The relation between the agamous and sexual generation has been established by Sottile ao.

references

Béguinot (2000b), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Cerasa (2015a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hellrigl (2009a, 2010a, 2012a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Hesse (1972a), Houard (1908a), Karaca & Katılmış (2020a), Katılmış & Kıyak (2008a), Kemal & Koçak (2010a), Kollár (2011a), Kwast (2012a, 2014a), Marković (2014a, 2015a), Melika (2006a), Melika, Csóka & Pujade-Villar (2000a), Pujade-Villar, Kwast, Thuroczy & Bellido (2002a), Roskam (2009a), Sottile, Cerasa, Massa & lo Verde (2022a), Shachar, Melika, Inbar & Dorchin (2018a), Stone, Atkinson, Rokas ao (2008a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a).

Last modified 15.vi.2022