Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aulacidea follioti

Aulacidea follioti Barbotin, 1972

on Sonchus

Aulacidea follioti: gall on Sonchus asper

Sonchus asper, Belgium, prov. Liège, Blegny © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Aulacidea follioti: gall on Sonchus asper

opened gall

Aulacidea follioti: larva in its gall

larva: : the weak mouthparts are characteristic for a cynipid


Weak swellings, up to 8 mm thick, of the stem, preferably high in the plant. The gall contains some gall chambers with a diameter of 3 mm, that are more or less coalescing. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the gall.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly monophagous

Sonchus asper.


the larva is described by Gómez Sanchez (2008a).

parasitoids, predators

Eupelmus barai, vesicularis, Eurytoma aspila, centaureae, cynipsea; Homoporus subniger; Pteromalus hieracii.


Askew, Plantard, Gómez ao (2006a), Bowdrey (2009a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Fusu (2017a), Gomez & Nieves-Aldrey (2012a), Gómez Sanchez (2008a), Nieves-Aldrey (2001a, 2004a), Nieves-Aldrey & Askew (2002a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a).

Last modified 19.iii.2023