Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Andricus lucidus

Andricus lucidus (Hartig, 1843)

on Quercus, agamous generation

hedgehog gall

Andricus lucidus: gall on Quercus robur

Quercus robur, Hungary, Kimle © László Érsek

Andricus lucidus: gall on Quercus robur

the gall is developed from a cupula

Andricus lucidus: gall on Quercus robur


Andricus lucidus: gall on Quercus robur


Andricus lucidus: fresh gall on Quercus pubescens

Quercus pubescens, Bulgaria, Varna © Stéphane Claerebout: fresh gall

Andricus lucidus: old gall on Quercus sp.

Quercus sp., Croatia, prov. Istria, Labin © Quentin Hubert: old gall

Andricus lucidus and f. erinaceus

the gall at right has been distinguished as a var. erinaceus (from Houard, 1908a).


Bud gall, less often attached to a cupula. Multilocular gall, bearing about hundred sticky spines, about a cm long, with a globular tip.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, frainetto, infectoria & subsp. veneris, ithaburensis, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur.

sexual generation

Andricus lucidus FM  gall on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris gall (from Houard, 1908a)


Catkin gall. Conspicuous, up to 3 cm large bunch of, in principle, discoidal galls that push aside each other; the individual galls are bilocular. They are green at first, with a shiny, waxy surface, reddish and hard later. Galled catkins remain long on the tree.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, pubescens, suber, trojana.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2024).


Andricus aestivalis Giraud, 1859; A. lucidus erinaceus Kieffer, 1901.


Mediterranean species, that first appeared in the UK in the 1990’s, in both generations.


Antov & Stojanova (2016a), Azmaz (2015a), Azmaz & Katilmiş (2017a), Bayrak (2019a), Bellmann (2012a), Bowdrey (2019a), Buhr (1965a), Cerasa (2015a), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Demirel, Tataroğlu & Katilmiş (2023a), Ecott (2012a), Hellrigl (2009a, 2010a, 2012a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1908a), Karaca & Katılmış (2020a), Katılmış & Kıyak (2008a), Kemal & Koçak (2010a), Kollár (2011a), Kwast (2012a, 2014a), Marković (2014a, 2015a), Melika (2006a, 2018a), Melika, Csóka & Pujade-Villar (2000a), Mete & Demirsoy (2012a), Pujade-Villar, Kwast, Thuroczy & Bellido (2002a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Shachar, Melika, Inbar & Dorchin (2018a), Tomasi (2014a), Williams (2010a).

Last modified 3.i.2024