Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phanacis zwolferi

Phanacis zwolferi Nieves-Audrey, 1995

on Silybum


Larval chambers in numbers below the bak of the stems. They are elongate-elliptic, parallel to the stem, and not lined with silk. Upon touch the larvae react only weakly (cf Aulacidea freesei).

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Silybum marianum.


Phanacis zwoelferi.


Askew, Plantard, Gómez, ao (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (1995a), Nieves-Aldrey & Askew (2002a), Nieves-Aldrey (2008a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez & Hernández Nieves (2004a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a).

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