Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synergus umbraculus

Synergus umbraculus (Olivier, 1791)

on Quercus

gall

inquiline of Cynipidae.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus faginea, infectoria, ithaburensis, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, vulcanica.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2023).

references

Azmaz (2015a), Azmaz & Katilmiş (2017a), Cerasa (2015a), Katilmiş & Azmaz (2015a), Melika (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (2001a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Nieves Aldrey & Pujade i Villar (1986a), Pujade-Villar, Kwast, Thuroczy & Bellido (2002a), da Silva Tavares (1902a, 1905a), Wiebes-Rijks (1978a).

Last modified 4.i.2024